Вопрос 10-3/2: Электросвязь/икт для сельских и отдаленных районов


Are you planning to bring such guidelines to address the rural challenges?



страница30/30
Дата04.11.2016
Размер3.47 Mb.
Просмотров5453
Скачиваний1
1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30

21 Are you planning to bring such guidelines to address the rural challenges?
*19 organizations from 18 countries replied to this question
*Replies merged when multiple organizations in one country replied.

22 Does your government provide any kind of tax rebate for import of equipments for providing Telecommunications/ICTs/Broadband in rural and remote areas?
*26 organizations from 25 countries replied to this question

If yes, please provide details, if applicable:


The Egyptian Company for Mobile Services (MOBINIL) (Egypt)

No tax rebates whatsoever.

Telecommunication & Radiocommunication Regulator (TRR) (Vanuatu)

All ICT related equipment such as Laptops, Mobile Phones and Telecommunications infrastructure equipment are exempted from Import VAT and Duty Tax.

Ministère de la Communication et des Nouvelles Technologies (Niger)

The national ICT policy and strategy document foresees incentives for operators wishing to invest in rural areas, in the form of tax benefits (exemption from import taxes and duties on equipment), together with an attractive legal, institutional and economic framework.

Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) (Nepal (Republic of)

There is a provision that maximum ceiling of 7% tax will be levied in telecommunications equipment to be used in rural areas in case the tax is above 5% in the import of telecommunications equipment (excluding few).

AHCIET (Colombia)

‎–‎ Subsidies for fixed broadband consumption

‎–‎ Tax rebates for IT purchases (especially computers) by the public.



Organismo Supervisor de Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (Peru)

At present, exemption has been given regarding the payment of duties on the import of telecommunication equipment. The tax refund approach is not applied because importers are unable to pay the relevant duties.

Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA) (Rwanda)

All telecommunications/ ICT equipment are taxes exempted

23 Do the license conditions oblige the Operator/Service provider to provide service in rural and remote areas?
By level of development:
*26 organizations from 25 countries replied to this question
*Replies merged when multiple organizations in one country replied.

If yes, please provide further information


The Egyptian Company for Mobile Services (MOBINIL) (Egypt)

Yes. As mentioned earlier, the license conditions oblige mobile operators to cover at least 98% of population. Since slightly above 50% of the Egyptian population lives in major cities, that leaves the other half living in rural and remote areas which are properly covered.

Ministerio de Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones (Colombia)

In the case of mobile network operators, the assignment of the license imposes obligations such as cover extension and connectivity services provision to public institutions.

Telecommunication & Radiocommunication Regulator (TRR) (Vanuatu)

New entrant Operator enters into performance guarantee under respective license obligated to roll 85% coverage in the country within two years of operations. Todate market dynamics have seen the coverage to be at 90% after 3.5 years of operation.

Ministère de la Communication et des Nouvelles Technologies (Niger)

The license obliges operators/service providers to provide service in rural and remote areas or participate in the financing of universal access. This obligation is annexed to the terms of reference of each operator at the time of acquisition of its license for the establishment and operation of a public telecommunication network.

Syrian Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (SyTRA) (Syrian Arab Republic)

The 2010 telecommunication law obliges operators to provide universal service to rural areas.

Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (CONATEL) (Paraguay)

Not in current contracts.

Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) (Nepal (Republic of)

Telecommunications Act, 1997 has the provisions that the operators have to invest 15% of their annual investment in rural areas.

CATR of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) (China)

A basic telecommunication operator has to undertake the universal telecommunication service obligations.

Swaziland Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (SPTC) (Swaziland)

Operators are obliged to pay for Universal Service fund of 5% of NOI. Also ensure service availability in remote rural areas, using the cheapest ways possible e.g. payphones.

AHCIET (Colombia)

Universal service obligations and commitments under the “Vive Digital” Plan.

Organismo Supervisor de Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (Peru)

In some cases licences were issued on the condition that the operators provide services in specific rural areas. Nevertheless, not all licences issued are subject to this obligation.

Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações ‎–‎ ANATEL (Brazil)

Universalization Goals General Plan (PGMU) defines obligations for rural and remote areas.

Also, auctions for radiofrequency are establishing obligations as well for anyone who wins the auctions. Auctions for 450MHz and 2.5GHz defined obligations to offer data service to rural and remote schools.



Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (Japan)

Provision of universal telecommunications service, telephone.

Oman Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) (Oman)

Yes , but in specific areas , as they have to cover certain percentage of the household in each goveronate

Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA) (Rwanda)

It is part of their license obligation. They have to provide rollout plan when bidding for the operator license.

ICP ‎–‎ Autoridade Nacional de Comunicações (ANACOM) (Portugal)

For example, concerning the licensing of Mobile Network Operators, Digital TV provider, Universal Service provider, etc.

Cable Bahamas Limited (Bahamas)

No, the Communications Act 2009 obliges the Operator/Service provider to provide service in rural and remote areas

Comisión Nacional de Comunicaciones (CNC) (Argentina)

The art. 2 of Decree 558/2008 on Universal Service states that basic telephone service licensees (LSB) are required to expand the fixed telephone network in the total geographical area of their region (North and South)


24 Do you provide a specific rural/remote area license to Telecommunications/ICTs/Broadband providers in rural and remote areas?

By level of development:
*27 organizations from 26 countries replied to this question
*Replies merged when multiple organizations in one country replied.

25 If you answered yes to question 24, are these providers allowed to provide services in urban areas once rural and remote obligations are met?




Percentage of countries by level of development where it is allowed:

Developed countries

0%

Transition countries

0%

Developing countries

100%

Least developed countries

50%

*This question was only relevant if the answer was ‘yes’ to question 24.

*3 responses received.




26 What backhaul/backbone technologies are being used in your country for connecting rural and remote areas? Please tick all that applies

*28 organizations from 27 countries replied to this question


*Multiple replies possible: total 89 replies
*Replies merged when multiple organizations in one country replied.
27 What access technologies are being used in your country for connecting rural and remote areas? Please tick all that applies

*28 organizations from 27 countries replied to this question


*Multiple replies possible: total 117 replies
*Replies merged when multiple organizations in one country replied.
If “Other technology” was selected, please specify:


Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (Lebanon)

Other wireless technologies such as Pre‎-‎Wimax, CDMA etc.

Organismo Supervisor de Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (Peru)

Satellite/V‎-‎SAT, microwave, WiFi.

28 If there is any other specific policy/regulatory intervention/initiative by your government or regulatory, please elaborate


United Kingdom Telecommunications Academy (UKTA) (International)

UKTA has both UK Government and CEPT Approval to support ITU HCD Initiatives.

Should you require more detailed information as to how this is achieved see www.ukta.co.uk/eMCM or eLLM in IT & T (provided at University of Southampton and Open University of Tanzania) on UKTA web site. All these programmes delivered by UKTA cover Policy & Regulation.



Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (Lebanon)

It is envisioned that MOT will soon issue a telecom policy which will address all sorts of access.

Ministère de la Communication et des Nouvelles Technologies (Niger)

– Adoption of a law on the sharing of telecommunication infrastructure

– Creation of a regulatory authority specific to the telecommunication and postal sectors, replacing the Multisectoral Regulatory Authority (ARM), which, having been responsible for regulating the telecommunication, transport, postal, water and energy sectors, was deemed too cumbersome an institution after ten years in operation.



Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (CONATEL) (Paraguay)

The current policy is the National Telecommunications Plan (PNT).

Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) (Nepal (Republic of)

District Optical Fiber Network project being developed;

WiMax project by incumbent;

Rural ICT projects in multi‎-‎stakeholders partnership model


Organismo Supervisor de Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (Peru)

Deployment of the National Fibre Optic Backbone Network, serving all provincial capitals, is currently being planned. It is hoped that this high‎-‎speed transport network will provide connectivity at district level, through projects that can be financed by both private operators and district governments.

Autorité de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications (Dem. Rep. of the Congo)

‎–‎ Establishment of a national broadband policy in rural or remote areas.

‎–‎ Establishment of a regulatory framework governing infrastructure‎-‎sharing, particularly in rural or remote areas.

‎–‎ Launch of a public bid for a licence for the universal broadband service.

‎–‎ Establishment of the universal service fund.

‎–‎ Creation of the National ICT Agency (Agence Nationale des TIC) to monitor all issues relating to rural or remote areas.


Oman Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) (Oman)

Initiative by the regulator to provide coverage to some remote villages

900MHz refarming is the 1st refarming initiative that was conducted between the TRA and the operators in exchange of constructing 120 BTS in the rural areas.operators agreed to install total of 120 BTS site locations (60 omantel & 60 nwaras)

1800 MHz refarming inititative is the 2nd initiative that was conducted between TRA and operators in exchange of additional mobile spectrum in 1800 MHz frequency bands operators agreed to install 80 BTS site locations in rural areas (40 Omantel & 40 Nawras)


Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (Mauritius)

National Information and Communication Technology Strategic Plan (NICTSP)
2011‎–‎2014: Towards I‎-‎Mauritius

www.gov.mu/portal/goc/telecomit/file/ICTplan.pdf

Universal Service Fund (USF) Package for Broadband Connection at Rs 200 per month (emanates from budgetary measure 2013)

www.icta.mu/mediaoffice/2013/ISPs_Broadband_Connection.html



ICP ‎–‎ Autoridade Nacional de Comunicações (ANACOM) (Portugal)

See more information in, e.g.,

www.anacom.pt/render.jsp?categoryId=340689 www.anacom.pt/render.jsp?contentId=975261

or

www.anacom.pt/render.jsp?contentId=1150167



Comisión Nacional de Comunicaciones (CNC) (Argentina)

National Plan Satellite Dishes Installation of Rural Schools and Border

Objective: Bring Open Digital Television to Rural Schools and Border Argentina that are outside the coverage area of Digital Terrestrial TV, using satellite transmission through the system Direct to Home (TDH).

Number of educational establishments: 12,000 approximately.

Number of beneficiaries: 1,200,000 students and 300,000 teachers, approximately.



Internet Program in Educational Establishments (under implementation)

Objective: bring the Internet to state‎-‎run schools.

Stage 1: estimated 4,906 establishments installing internet.

Stage 2: 10,000 establishments.

And in later will seek to connect to more than 40,000 state‎-‎run establishments.

Plan My Digital Satellite TV

Objective: to bring digital television open to families in rural areas via satellite dishes.


To this date, we have connected 101 rural localities.

Number of beneficiaries: more than 2,200 rural households across 16 provinces. The amount is estimated to reach 4,300 rural families through satellite transmission.






1 ВВУИО 2003 г., Женевская декларация принципов, www.itu.int/wsis/documents/doc_multi.asp?lang=en&id=
1161%7C0.

2
 ВВУИО 2003 г., Женевский план действий, www.itu.int/wsis/documents/doc_multi.asp?id=1160%7C0&lang=en.

3
 www.broadbandcommission.org/about/background.aspx.

4
 Там же.

5
 "Императив лидерства в 2010 году: к будущему, основанному на широкополосной связи", доклад Комиссии по широкополосной связи.

6
 Рекомендации TRAI (Индия), касающиеся прикладных услуг, май, 2012 год.

7
 Женевский план действий ВВУИО, www.itu.int/wsis/documents/doc_multi.asp?id=1160%7C0&lang=en.

8
 Laschewski, Lutz “Innovative E-learning in Rural Areas: A Review. Network Promoting e-Learning for Rural Development, e-Ruralnet, February 2013, on LLP Transversal Program Key Activity 3 ICT – Networks.

9
 Там же.

10
 Myrvang, Robert and Rosenlund, Thomas, “How can e-Health benefit rural areas- a literature overview from Norway”, Norwegian Centre for Telemedicine, апрель 2007 года.

11
 From E-government to M-government: Facing the Inevitable; Ibrahim Kushchu, International University of Japan and M. Halid Kuscu, Southwestern College, School of Business and Information Systems.

12



13
 www.firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/rt/printerFriendly/4066/3355#tab2.

14
 Выборы в Буркина-Фасо с помощью спутниковой широкополосной связи (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

15
 Argentina Conectada (Соединенная Аргентина) (Аргентина) (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

16
 Национальный план оборудования сельских и приграничных школ спутниковыми антеннами (Документ RGQ103/2/14).

17
 План спутниковых интернет-соединений для сельских школ Аргентины (Документ 2/160).

18
 Возможности получения средств к существованию и сохранение культуры благодаря устойчивому и экологичному центру электросвязи/ИКТ (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

19
 Мобильная WiMAX в Японии (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

20
 Экспериментальный проект по улучшению с помощью ИКТ среды здравоохранения и медицинского обслуживания в сельских районах Лаосской НДР (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

21
 Проект J3 АТСЭ: Экспериментальное создание центра электросвязи для дистанционного образования и дистанционного здравоохранения в сельских районах и на изолированных островах Микронезии (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

22
 Развитие электросвязи/ИКТ с помощью специальной сети связи, предназначенной для г. Сиодзири, расположенного в сельском районе в префектуре Нагано, Япония (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

23
 Информационная система для мобильного здравоохранения: Предоставление доступа к информации для медицинских работников (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

24
 Инициативы в области мобильного микрофранчайзинга и лабораторий приложений (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

25
 Сельские и отдаленные районы (Документ 2/162).

26
 Предоставление базовых услуг телефонной связи для сельских районов (Документ 2/188).

27
 Проект в области возможности установления наземных беспроводных широкополосных соединений (Документ RGQ10-3/2/5).

28
 Проект по развитию ИКТ в сельских районах Ирана (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

29
 Энергоэффективная и недорогая технология для беспроводного широкополосного доступа и сотовых сетей GSM (Документ RGQ10-3/2/INF/07).

30
 Mawingu: обеспечивая широкополосный доступ с использованием "белых пространств" телевидения в сельских районах Кении (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

31
 Оценка различных вариантов технологий доступа (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

32
 Широкополосная связь WiMAX и FiberWiFi в сельских районах Бутана (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

33
 Ловля рыбы сетями 3G (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

34
 Приготовиться! Проект по мобильной безопасности (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

35
 Варианты охвата WLAN в сельских районах Китая (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

36
 Инновационное технологическое решение по использованию широкополосной связи в сельских районах – обмен данными о сельских приложениях (D-Rax от C-DoT) (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).

37
 Успешная электронная инициатива для сельского населения отдаленных районов северо-запада Индии –‎Активное ‎участие ‎сообщества для ‎обеспечения ‎устойчивости (ссылка на библиотеку исследований конкретных ситуаций).


Каталог: dms pub -> itu-d -> opb -> stg
stg -> Вопрос 17-3/2: Ход деятельности в области электронного правительства и определение областей применения электронного правительства в интересах развивающихся стран
stg -> Вопрос 14-3/2: Информация и электросвязь/икт для электронного здравоохранения
dms pub -> Рекомендация мсэ-r m. 1036-4 (03/2012)
stg -> Вопрос 7-3/1: Внедрение универсального доступа к широкополосным услугам
stg -> Вопрос 19-2/1: Внедрение основанных на ip услуг электросвязи в развивающихся странах


Поделитесь с Вашими друзьями:
1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30


База данных защищена авторским правом ©nethash.ru 2019
обратиться к администрации

войти | регистрация
    Главная страница


загрузить материал