Вопрос 10-3/2: Электросвязь/икт для сельских и отдаленных районов


If it is not part of the national Telecommunication/ICT/Broadband policy, is there any project in the future for it to become part of it?



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8 If it is not part of the national Telecommunication/ICT/Broadband policy, is there any project in the future for it to become part of it?
*This question was only relevant if the answer was ‘no’ to question 6.

*4 organizations from 4 countries replied to this question

Please specify in either case:

Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (Lebanon)

It is expected to be part of the policy that will be issued by the MOT, in addition the TRA has the responsibility to implement universal service and ensure service to remote and rural areas.

The Egyptian Company for Mobile Services (MOBINIL) (Egypt)

If there is, then i am not aware of. All i know is that the Ministry of ICT follows the evolution of the cellular network and ensures that the required KPI like call drop rate or call block rate or other indicators are met.

Telecommunication & Radiocommunication Regulator (TRR) (Vanuatu)

Connect Schools, Connect Community initiative is being piloted, lessons learn and concept could be rollout into other remote areas, improving broadband access to schools and community through use of community telecenters in the remote areas.

Ministère de la Communication et des Nouvelles Technologies (Niger)

ICT development in remote or rural areas is an integral part of the national policy on universal access.

Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (CONATEL) (Paraguay)

It is expected that, in the near future, a National Broadband Plan will be implemented, which will cover government and society.

Swaziland Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (SPTC) (Swaziland)

Swaziland has an approved National Information & Communications Infrastructure Policy which is not specifically for rural remote areas, however, it does alude to universal access.

Autorité de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications (Dem. Rep. of the Congo)

It is planned to elaborate a national policy on broadband in rural or remote areas.

9 Is the Telecommunications/ICT/Broadband in rural and remote areas considered a universal service/access obligation?




By development level

Developed countries

50%

Transition countries

100%

Developing countries

73.33%

Least developed countries

100%

*28 organizations from 27 countries replied to this


question

*Replies merged when multiple organizations in same


country replied.


10 How is that obligation defined?

Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI) (India)

All telecom operators give 5% of their Annual Gross Revenue as their contribution to the USO Fund. The Government, through the USoFund administrator brings out schemes for extending telecom and ICT services to the rural areas. Currently the following schemes are under execution in India.

Stream-1: Provision of Public Access Service:

Stream-II: Provision of Household Telephones in Rural and Remote Areas as may be Determined by the Central Government from Time to Time:

Stream-III: Creation of Infrastructure for provision of Mobile Services in Rural and Remote Areas. The assets constituting the infrastructure for provision of mobile services shall be determined by the Central Government from time to time (Mobile Infrastructure (Phase‎-‎I)).

Stream-IV: Provision of Broadband Connectivity to rural & remote areas in a phased manner (Wire Line Broadband, Rural Public Service Terminals (RPST)).

Stream-V: Creation of General Infrastructure in Rural and Remote Areas for Development of Telecommunication facilities. The items of general infrastructure to be taken up for development shall be determined by the Central Government from time to time (Optical Fiber Cable(OFC) for Assam).

Stream-VI: Induction of new technological developments in the telecom sector in Rural and Remote Areas: Pilot projects to establish new technological developments in the telecom sector, which can be deployed in the Rural and Remote Areas, may be supported with the approval of the Central Government

(Solar Mobile Charging Facility(SMCF)).


In addition there are two Special Schemes as below:‎

‎–‎ Gender based Schemes

In recognition of the requirements of Gender Responsive Budgeting, preferential allocation of broadband connections to women’s SHGs has been incorporated in the USOF Wire Line Broadband Scheme. Further, a special scheme for provisions of broadband enabled Rural Public Service Terminals to SHGs has been incorporated in the Fund’s activities. These terminals will enable SHGs to provide banking, financial services and other broadband enabled Value Added Services (VAS) to the rural population.

‎–‎ Sanchar Shakti

In addition, USOF intends to initiate a series of pilots aimed at empowerment of women through mobile VAS and ICT related skills. The focus of activity shall be women’s SHGs. Seven projects have been accepted by competent authority for signing of MoU for Proof of Concept.

2. ICT for Persons With Disabilities (PwD). This is under finalisation.

Objectives of the Scheme

2.1 Primary objective of the scheme is to provide PwDs in rural India with meaningful access to telecommunications facilities and through telecommunications facilities enable them to access public services, information, educational and employment opportunities thereby helping them to achieve self‎-‎reliance and facilitate their inclusion in mainstream society.

2.2 The scheme, via pilot projects, seeks to effectively demonstrate and highlight the utility and benefits of AT enabled ICTs to PwDs and their families in rural India and to institutions/organizations dealing with PwDs and to service providers, equipment manufacturers and content providers etc. The scheme seeks to encourage service providers and other stakeholders to take up such initiatives on a larger scale in order to address the needs of PwDs.


Servei de Telecomunicacions d'Andorra (STA) (Andorra)

All telecommunications services in Andorra are universal, that is, the same service is provided with the same quality and price for the whole of the population.

ABI Research (United States) (United Kingdom)

It is currently only defined as a "commitment" by Ofcom. Both BT and KCom are subject to a Universal Service Obligation which requires them to provide a telephone line to any household that requests one, subject to a ‘reasonable cost’ limit (currently set at £3400 by BT). As a result the vast majority of consumers are able to get a fixed telephone line if they wish.

The Universal Service Obligation requires that a telephone line must support

“functional internet access”. However, the directive was written before broadband was prevalent and, in the UK, the obligations currently only extend to the provision of a line that is capable of supporting dial‎-‎up modem connections of 28kbit/s.


The Egyptian Company for Mobile Services (MOBINIL) (Egypt)

Just recently this Universal Service has surfaced. I am aware that there are very remote areas in central Sinai that may finally benefit from this fund.

Ministerio de Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaci (Colombia)

In Colombia, the law gives priority to access goals instead of services and these are defined by the provision of coverage or services in areas outside the market.

Telecommunication & Radiocommunication Regulator (TRR) (Vanuatu)

The obligation is defined with the Telecommunications licenses and Telecommunications and Radio-‎communications Act, as improving access to telecommunications service for locations which are not or not adequately served by existing services. These are developed by the Government in consultation the operators. Regulator performs the administration functions of implementing and monitoring the obligations on behalf of the Government.

Ministère de la Communication et des Nouvelles Technologies (Niger)

It is an obligation that enables the State to ensure ICT connectivity in remote areas deemed to be unprofitable.

Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) (Nepal (Republic of)

Obligations:

a. Telecommunications Act, 1997 has the provisions that the operators have to invest 15% of their annual investment in rural areas.

b. Telecommunications service shall be made available at shouting distance (at least two telephone lines/public call office in a VDC)


CATR of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) (China)

A telecommunication service provider shall fulfill its universal telecommunication service obligations in accordance with various national regulations. The agency responsible for information industry under the State Council may determine specific universal telecommunication service obligations for each telecommunication service provider by means of designation or public bidding.

Swaziland Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (SPTC) (Swaziland)

Universal Service Obligation belongs to the policy maker. This is only defined in the New ICT Bill which is being debated in Parliament.

AHCIET (Colombia)

‎–‎ By a combination of investments to implement the plan, combining public and private funding to develop broadband.

‎–‎ Planned investment in the creation of technocentres to improve connectivity of local authorities and improve terminals.

‎–‎ Provision of subsidies for broadband consumption by the general public.


Autorité de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications (Dem. Rep. of the Congo)

In the draft law, it is considered an obligation in the same way as universal service and universal access.

Cable Bahamas Limited (Bahamas)

The overreaching goal is set out in the policy and then more define requirements are set out in the legislation.

Organismo Supervisor de Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (Peru)

(Based on the Law awarding the Telecommunications Investment Fund (FITEL) legal personality under public law, assigned to the Transport and Communications sector – Law No. 28900 and Article 7 of Supreme Decree No. 024‎-‎2008‎-‎MTC approving the General Regulatory Framework for promotion of the development of public telecommunication services in rural areas and places of preferential social interest).

Universal Access has been defined in Peru as access within the national territory to a set of basic telecommunication services with the capacity to transmit voice and data, such as fixed telephony, mobile services, long distance, local carrier, Internet, as well as the use of broadband to provide such services. The handling of free calls to emergency services is also considered to be a basic public telecommunication service. Universal access also includes training in the use of information and communication technologies (based on Article 7 of Supreme Decree No. 024‎-‎2008‎-‎MTC approving the General Regulatory Framework for promotion of the development of public telecommunication services in rural areas and places of preferential social interest).



Ministry of Communications and Informatization (Belarus)

Council of Ministers Order No. 889 of 15 July 2006 concerning universal services.

Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações ‎–‎ ANATEL (Brazil)

Act 9.472/1997 defines that universal service obligations are stablished by Anatel for services in the public regime.

The obligation is defined by the Universalization Golas General Plan (PGMU) for the PSTN communications, that was recently revised and updated by Act 7.512, of 30 of June of 2011.

These goals are periodically revised.


Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (Mauritius)

It is defined under the Information and Communication Technologies (Universal Service Fund) Regulations 2008 under section 21 and 48 of the ICT Act 2001 (as amended) and the contract between designated USPs (Universal Service Providers)and the regulator.

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (Japan)

The obligation of NTT East and NTT West under the law to provide telephones (basic fee), fibre IP phones corresponding to telephones, public telephones of category one (public telephones installed based on the MIC criteria), or emargency numbers (No. 110, No. 118, No. 119), which are essential communications service for the people's daily lives, universally in Japan.

Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Latvia (Latvia)

Universal Telecommunication service/access obligation is defined in accordance with the Regulator (Public Utilities Commission) provisions.

Oman Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) (Oman)

In the course to achieve the economic and social objectives of the telecommunications sector and after presentation for the council of ministers, shall decide the following:

1. to expand the telecommmunications services and networks in defined areas according to geographical location or number of inhabitants and to establish public telecommunications centers including payphones in these areas

2. to specify the basic public telecommunications services which the licensee is obliged to provide to any requesting beneficiary at a reasonable price as decided by the Authority in the service area.

3. to provide maritime telecommunications services

4. to provide telecommunications services to persons with special needs


Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA) (Rwanda)

Operator have rollout plan include in license obligations provided to operators

Universal Access for subzidising connectivity to make it affordable to rural and remote area.



ICP ‎–‎ Autoridade Nacional de Comunicações (ANACOM) (Portugal)

There is a USO generic obligation – although not specifically to rural and remote areas but to all the country – to provide telecommunication services (telephony and narrowband internet services), according with the Directive 2002/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on universal service and users' rights relating to electronic communications networks and services (Universal Service Directive).

Comisión Nacional de Comunicaciones (CNC) (Argentina)

Decree 558/2008 establishes SECTION 2 ‎–‎ UNIVERSAL SERVICE. The set of services and programs, time‎-‎varying, defined by the national, aimed at the general population with a certain quality at affordable prices, which it must have access, regardless of their geographical location and conditions social, economic and related to physical disabilities. To do the ratings of the services and programs, the enforcement authority may consider the totality of telecommunications services, regardless technologies. The Enforcement Authority may modify, adapt and integrate services and programs, according to the needs of the population required. Without prejudice to the services and programs that define the implementing authority under the present rules, Basic Telephone Service Licensees (LSB) are required to expand the fixed telephone network within sixty (60) months, the total geographical area of their respective regions, as of the effective date hereof. The Enforcement Authority shall determine in each case whether the LSB will be compensated with funds from the Universal Service Trust Fund.

11 Is there a provision of Universal Service Fund or similar type of fund for the development of Telecommunications/ICTs/Broadband in rural and remote areas?




Percentage of countries by level of development where such a provision exists:

Developed countries

40%

Transition countries

100%

Developing countries

62.5%

Least developed countries

80%

*28 organizations from 27 countries replied to this question



*Replies merged when multiple organizations in same country replied.

12 If such a provision exists, how are the funds collected?
*19 organizations from 18 countries replied to this question

If “Other scheme” was selected, please specify:

ABI Research (United States) (United Kingdom)

Combination of government spending, european regional development fund and ISP contributions, including some derived from the licensing fees perceived by the BBC.

Telecommunication & Radiocommunication Regulator (TRR) (Vanuatu)

As a % of Annual Net Revenue in the basis of the estimate cost of the UA Project.

Syrian Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (SyTRA) (Syrian Arab Republic)

Not yet determined.

AHCIET (Colombia)

Combination of public investment by the State, via funds similar to those intended for universal service, and investment by private operators, an example of public‎-‎private financing.

Autorité de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications (Dem. Rep. of the Congo)

2% of pre‎-‎tax turnover.

Ministry of Communications and Informatization (Belarus)

A universal services reserve is funded by compulsory contributions from telecommunication operators to the tune of 1 per cent of telecommunication service revenues.

Oman Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) (Oman)

the government intend to establish a new company "Oman Broadband company " to provide BB to all areas ,including the remote areas

Cable Bahamas Limited (Bahamas)

An application has to be made for reimbursement and then it is collected from operators. The scheme is still being developed.

Organismo Supervisor de Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (Peru)

(Based on the Law awarding the Telecommunications Investment Fund (FITEL) legal personality under public law, assigned to the Transport and Communications sector – Law No. 28900, Consolidated Amended Text of the Telecommunications Law (approved by Supreme Decree No. 013-‎93-‎TCC of 6 May 1993 and Law for the Promotion of Broadband and Construction of the National Fibre Optic Backbone Network – Law No. 29904.)

The Telecommunications Investment Fund (FITEL) has been set up for the provision of universal access to telecommunications. It was established by the Consolidated Amended Text of the Telecommunications Law.

FITEL has the following resources:

1 One per cent (1%) of the income invoiced and collected by carrier service operators in general, public end services, public end services in the public cable broadcasting distribution service and the public value-‎added service (Internet access), as referred to by Article 12 of the Consolidated Amended Text of the Telecommunications Law, approved by Supreme Decree No. 013‎-‎93‎-‎TCC.

2 A percentage of the fee collected for use of the radio frequency spectrum for public telecommunication services (this percentage shall in no case be less than 20 per cent of such collection), as referred to by Article 60 of the Consolidated Amended Text of the Telecommunications Law, approved by Supreme Decree No. 013‎-‎93‎-‎TCC, with the percentage being set by supreme decree.

3 The resources transferred by the public treasury.

4 The financial income generated by the FITEL resources.

5 The contributions, allocations, donations or transfers made by whatever token, from national or foreign natural or legal persons.

6 Other forms established by supreme decree.
7 Resources from counterfactual sources obtained by the State pursuant to the terms and conditions agreed to in the public telecommunication services licensing contracts. These resources are distinct from those deriving from the concepts foreseen in the General Telecommunications Law, and shall be used solely to finance the telecommunication transport networks. (Based on Article 13 of the Regulations of Law No. 28900, awarding the Telecommunications Investment Fund (FITEL) legal personality under public law, and the Additional Final Provisions of Law No. 29904 – Law for the Promotion of Broadband and Construction of the National Fibre Optic Backbone Network.)


Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (Mauritius)

As per Regulation 3 of GN 206 of 2008 (amended by GN 207 of 2010)

(a) For the purposes of section 21(2) of the Act, the annual contribution payable by a public operator into the Fund shall be paid in monthly instalments.

(b) Every monthly instalment payable under paragraph (a) shall consist of ‎–‎

(i) 5 per cent of the gross revenue which the public operator generates from the provision of international roaming service for that month:

(ii) 0.025 US Dollar on every minute of international calls which the public operator terminates in Mauritius that month, and shall be paid no later than 60 days after the end of that month.


Comisión Nacional de Comunicaciones (CNC) (Argentina)

The telecom service providers in the country, must provide one percent (1%) of all revenue earned from the provision of telecommunications services, net of taxes and duties levied.


Каталог: dms pub -> itu-d -> opb -> stg
stg -> Вопрос 17-3/2: Ход деятельности в области электронного правительства и определение областей применения электронного правительства в интересах развивающихся стран
stg -> Вопрос 14-3/2: Информация и электросвязь/икт для электронного здравоохранения
dms pub -> Рекомендация мсэ-r m. 1036-4 (03/2012)
stg -> Вопрос 7-3/1: Внедрение универсального доступа к широкополосным услугам
stg -> Вопрос 19-2/1: Внедрение основанных на ip услуг электросвязи в развивающихся странах


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