List of contributions submitted to Question 10-3/2 (for information)
Korea (Republic of)
The INV (Information Network Village) Project
The INV project was created by the Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs (MOGAHA), now restructured and renamed as MOPAS (Ministry of Public Administrations and Security), in order to allow the public in remote areas to have easier access to content on, for instance, education, medical information, and agricultural skills to reduce the digital gap between geographical locations. It also enables direct supply of local products to consumers.
The project plays an important role in boosting the local economy and in balancing regional development, which have been among the main objectives of the national agenda in Korea. At the beginning, the government took a cautious approach to avoid a potential waste of resources by using a step-by-step strategy. From August 2001 to May 2002, the first phase of the project had been carried out involving 25 villages which are mainly located in agricultural and fishing areas. Since it was launched, the project has gone through 8 phases until the end of 2009, with each phase taking a year.
By the increasing importance of ICT regarding the development of economies, especially in developing countries, telecommunication investment for rural and remote areas should be considered as a strategic vehicle to overcome the social, cultural and economic bottlenecks towards an integrated economy. In this context, Turk Telekomunikasyon Group has taken this issue on its agenda since 2007 and invested heavily over a wide range of Turkey with the inferior conditions and limited access to common welfare. In the scope of this project, fixed division of Turk Telekom Group achieved the rural transformation of the telecom infrastructure successfully in a shorter time period and made it ready for Next Generation Network.
Case study (NGN)
Republic of Korea
Korean Case Study of Inducing Middle-aged People to Use Internet
There are two types of internet population growth model: equilibrium and disequilibrium. Disequi-librium may cause digital divide. Generally young people are very good at new trend but old people are not. So the main issue is how to induce the old group to join the internet population. Here is one effort, as an equilibrium model, from the Korean government for bridging digital divide between generations. The Korean government task force group studied the profile and requirement of the lagging group and found killer application for them, along with learning opportunities on PC operation. And the private sector developed service applications needed.
ITU-T Study Group 5
Response on the request for information regarding up-to-date power supply solutions for telecommu-nications/ICT infrastructure for rural and remote areas
ITU-T Study Group 5, Question 22/5 will share the requested information with ITU-D Study Group 2 Question 10, 22 and 25 once this material becomes available.
The new legislative and regulatory environment for electronic communi-cations
This document is submitted for information, gives some developments of the reform of telecommu-nications and ICT business in Cameroon there are more than 10 years.
Case study (ICT policy)
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Livelihood Opportunities and Culture Preservation through a Sustainable and Eco-Friendly ICT Telecenter
Mejit Island is one of the many under developed islands in the Marshall Islands that has 80 households (300–400 inhabitants), more or less, living on a 0.72 square miles of land mass, and roughly 1 mile stretch from end to end of the inhabited area. The inhabitants have a little means of livelihood, or even none. Most of them only rely on their daily sustenance from crops and riches of the ocean. Mejit is known for their special kind of weaving pattern. Leaf-weaving is one of the cultures that the Marshallese need to carry on to the next generation. With the deployment of ICT in the island, this will attract tourist and prospected international investors to the leaf weaving and rope making with the proper information campaign. The rope making culture is dying right now and the government leaders must act to preserve the culture through the use of ICT, and e-learning. Mejit is one of the islands that is deprived of computer access due to economical circumstances, this depriving them from education.
As for communication, the only means is through HF radio. This has been there for more or less two (2) decades now. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) in cooperation with Mejit Local Government would create a COPRA Cooperative or similar Sustainability Plan to stimulate the economic growth in the island, at the same time educating the community and the youths. Educating the public thru ICT also includes the preservation of the natural habitat and this is the same reason we will harness the power of the sun and wind. Internet access can be done by “internet access scratch card” for those who have their own computers with wireless access since WiFi will be deployed to cater to business, individuals, and tourists. With the deployment of both hardware and software mechanism, this will minimize the need for telecenter accountants or cashiers. MOTC will have an ICT awareness training program for the teachers that would be dispatched to the Mej.
Case study (broadband access)
Korea Communi-cations Commission (KCC) (Republic of Korea)
Broadband Internet in Rural and Remote Areas of Korea
Rural broadband has been completed in Korea through the cooperation of private telecoms operator (KT, former state-owned operator) and the Government (central and local) by 2008 and currently Next Generation Network is under construction in the rural areas. KT’s cooperation was ensured by the ‘Decree of Universal Service Obligation of KT’ which has been prepared to impose KT to fulfill the duty of rural broadband internet connectivity even after the privatization of KT. However, broadband construction in the far remote areas such as the village of less than 50 households could be a financial burden for KT and therefore, the Korean Government has decided to provide financial subsidies for the construction of broadband networks for deep remote areas. The financial subsidy has amounted to 50% of the total construction cost and it was shared by central and local Government by half and half. This policy has enabled households in rural areas to subscribe broadband internet at the same price with same quality as urban households. KT has been cooperative on this project since KT, as a nation-wide operator, can compensate the profit loss in the areas where a few household subscribes broadband with the profit gained in other areas where sufficient subscribers are secured.
Case study (broadband access)
Congo (Democratic Republic of)
ICT communi-cations in remote rural areas
The problem of telecommunications in the DRC still arises due to lack of adequate infrastructure that allows for a harmonious development. Though the installation of the long-awaited fiber optic cable has been completed, operation drags for reasons unknown.
Statistics and Strategic Action Plan of Telecommu-nication/ICT Development in Bangladesh: Rural and Remote Areas
This contribution provides information on Bangladesh’s status with respect to access to technology for broadband telecommunications including IMT. It also covers relevant information regarding telecommunication and ICTs for rural and remote areas of Bangladesh.
Case study (broadband access)
Telecom/ICTs for Rural and Remote
Areas – Universal Service Experience of Pakistan
The document is presented to share the experience of Ministry of Information Technology and other stakeholders in the successful roll out of telecommunications/ICT services in rural and remote areas of Pakistan through the Universal Service Policy framework and corporate structure (Public – Private Partnership). The document also enlists the challenges faced by Ministry of Information Technology and stakeholders in the actual implementation of the programme. Member states may be encouraged to share their experience in this regard.
Case study (universal access)
Uganda’s Approach to Implementing Broadband Connectivity in Underserved Areas
This document presents Uganda’s Approach to Implementing Broadband Connectivity in Underserved Areas and Uganda’s Universal Access Policy (2010) (available at: www.ucc.co.ug/rcdf/rcdf-Policy.pdf).
Internet penetration, access and usage in Uganda is still very low. This is also largely confined to urban commercial centers. Although Uganda’s previous universal access policy had supported the installation of Internet points of presence in all the underserved districts, the internet bandwidth speeds and quality of service issues has been of major concern by the end users. Therefore the new policy objective is expected improve broadband uptake in selected underserved areas as a pilot case. The pilot project will offer experiences for developing a national broadband policy and strategies for its implementation.
Japan would like to inform the meeting about the situation of Fixed and Mobile Broadband services, especially LTE services delivered by NTT DoCoMo.
Case study (broadband wireless)
Telecommu-nication Standardization Bureau
Future Networks by ITU-T
The attached presentation provides an overview of the work of ITU-T Study Group 13 and the dedicated Focus Group on Future Networks.
Türk Telekom Group, Turkey
The attached presentation provides an overview of the correlation between fibre, broadband penetration and incomes and how fibre can accelerate the growth of the broadband incomes.
Case study (optical fiber)
The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics
ICTP’s Fifteen Years Experience in ICT Training and Dissemination
The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy, has been active in knowledge dissemination, focusing on training of young scientists that could diffuse the acquired knowledge further in their native regions. ICTP has been playing a leading role in the field of training in ICT for developing countries. In the last fifteen years, more than 40 training activities on wireless networking have been organized both in house as in-situ. Several projects have been developed starting from training activities, and the knowledge acquired has been widely disseminated.
Case study (training)
Madagascar (Republic of)
Contribution of Telecommu-nications/ICT to improve the quality of life in rural and remote areas
To achieve the Millennium Development Goals aimed at improving connectivity and access to ICT for all by 2015, it is essential to develop infrastructure in rural and remote areas of developing countries, where there is more than half of the world population. This paper presents some ideas on ICT technology solutions for rural economic and regulatory environment necessary and generally how ICT can improve the quality of life in rural and remote areas.
Case study (universal access)
BDT Programme 1
Status Report on the Implementa-tion of ITU Conformance and Interopera-bility (C&I) Programme
PP-10 Resolution 177 endorsed the objectives of WTSA-08 Resolution 76 and WTDC-10 Resolution 47 as well as the recommendations of the Director of TSB endorsed by Council-09, and asked “that this programme of work be implemented in parallel without any delay.”
In January 2012 the Assembly of the Radiocommunication sector of ITU approved the Resolution 62 titled “Studies related to testing for conformance with ITU-R Recommendations and interoperability of radiocommunication equipment and systems on conformity and interoperability” so that all the sectors, now, have a resolution on this topic.
A Business Plan on C&I, based on four pillars, has been developed by KPMG, a consultancy with excellent credentials in business plan preparation and the results of the studies will be presented to the next ITU Council. Within the ITU Secretariat, a C&I Task Force has been set up with participation of representative of all ITU Bureaux to mobilize resources internally and co-ordinate the implementation of the four pillars.
This document summarizes the status of imple-mentation of the respective Resolutions.
Country case study: Pilot project for the improved health & medical environment with ICT for rural areas in Lao P.D.R.
This document tries to share the information of the ICT project, “Pilot project for improved health & medical environment with ICT for rural areas in Lao P.D.R”, which was introduced in the Document RGQ10-3/2/25-E, in the format provided in the Document 2/195-E.
OJSC Intellect-Telecom (Russian Federation)
Energy effective and low cost technology for wireless broadband access and GSM cellular networks
This document presents the next step of development of the “Energy effective and low cost technology for wireless broadband access and GSM cellular networks”, for real 450 km motor road in Nizhny Novgorod region and the Northern part of the town of Gornoaltaysk in Russia. Energy saving effect of these projects is no less than 2-3 times, confirming the indexes shown in documents C-094, C-0168.
New technology (broadband wireless)
Bhutan (Kingdom of)
Case Study: WiMAX and FiberWiFi Broadband in Rural Areas of Bhutan
This document is related to the Broadband Pilot Project Report.
Pilot project clients in all fours geogs (villages) prior to the pilot project were using 3G data card or subscribed to mobile internet to access Internet. People in these geogs had to travel more than half a day to access Internet. Given the lack of IT literacy and technical know-how in the geogs, for the project connectivity until the customer premises is managed by Tashi InfoComm Limited (TICL). To ensure project sustainability, TICL will manage the business aspect of project without any intervention from department. Broadband through WiMAX provided easy and fast deployment in the geogs, than fiber optic cable.
India (Republic of)
Innovative technological solution for broadband use in rural areas – Data Rural Application Exchange (DRax from CDoT)
The contribution is a case about an innovative project in making broadband services accessible to rural masses with low literacy and ICT skillsets challenges.
The objective of this contribution is a case study of a product from CDoT1 that exclusively developed to take care of limitation of ICT skillsets in rural people. The product is significant as it deals with one of the fundamental issues i.e. lack of ICT skillsets and literacy rampant for large masses to benefit from the broadband services to exploit the opportunities for their socio economic development.
India (Republic of)
A concept paper on setting up of Tele-education Network in developing countries
The contribution is a case on implementation of Tele-education project through Pan – African
E-Network Project by M/s Telecom Consultants of India Limited, a Government of India Enterprise. The project has been very successful and won several awards for innovation. This model could be used as an example for providing educational services through ICTs in the developing countries.
India (Republic of)
e-initiative for rural people in remote North Eastern part of India – Active com-munity participation for sustainability
The contribution briefly analyzes key factors of two successful e-initiative of ICT projects for rural poor in North Eastern part of India, with a view to frame a sustainable strategy for ICT deployment in the backward regions.
The community participation (mainly of rural tribal women) for framing policies and their active involvement throughout implementation of ICT projects had become mandatory for any sustainable development in the remote tribal areas.
Country Case Study: Telecommu-nications/ICT development by ad-hoc communi-cations network for rural Shiojiri City in Nagano prefecture (Japan)
This document shares information on the ICT project, “Telecommunications/ICT development by ad-hoc communications network for rural Shiojiri City in Nagano prefecture, Japan”, which was introduced during the April 2013 meeting (Document RGQ103/2/48-E) and using the new case study format provided in the Document 2/195.
Côte d’Ivoire (République de)
Evolution of the regulatory and institutional framework in the field of Telecommu-nications/ICT in Côte d'Ivoire
This paper has the following two main objectives:
i. Briefly present the evolution of the regulatory reform and institutional framework of Telecommunications/ICT in Côte d'Ivoire;
ii. Allow an update of information on the experience of Côte d' Ivoire, in the reports for the issues discussed in the committees Studies 1 & 2 of the ITUD.
Telecom-munication Develop-ment Bureau
Case Study submitted to the Case Study Library: Satellite broadband supporting elections in Burkina Faso
This document contains a case study that was submitted by SES World Skies (Netherlands) to the Case Study Library on “Satellite broadband supporting elections in Burkina Faso”.
In December 2012, SES Broadband Services provided satellite broadband services for the parliamentary and municipal elections in Burkina Faso.As part of the agreement with the Independent National Elections Committee (CENI) in Burkina Faso, SES Broadband Services and its partners Newtec, Access Sat and Unicom provided satellite equipment and bandwidth to enable connectivity between the 45 electoral district offices, which serve as the hubs for 14,698 polling stations across the country, and the central election office in the capital, Ouagadougou. The system was used for video conferencing, video surveillance, Internet access, and fast and secure communication of ballots.