Практикум по развитию лексико-грамматических и коммуникатвных навыков для студентов 1 курса


а) Определите, соответствуют ли данные утверждения содержанию диалога (



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а) Определите, соответствуют ли данные утверждения содержанию диалога (True or False?). Исправьте неверные утверждения.

  1. Both Kim and Sue are having problems with their neighbours.

  2. Kim’s roommate is Diana.

  3. Sue is upset because the students are playing ball in the hall.

  4. Some students on Sue’s floor are watching a basketball game.

  5. The student across the hall is singing.

  6. Both Kim and Sue are going to the library.

б) Ответьте на вопросы о том, кто что делает в общежитии в данный момент.

Образец: Is Mary reading? – No, she isn’t. She isn’t reading. She is singing.



  1. Is Kim calling Sue?

  2. Are Kim and Sue living in the same dormitory?

  3. Is Sue complaining about the people in the street?

  4. Is Diana listening to her new MP3 player?

  5. Are the students in the next room watching a volleyball game?

  6. Is the student across the hall practicing her Spanish?

  7. Are the students on the upper floor studying?

  8. Is Kim going shopping?




  1. Поставьте глаголы в формы настоящего длительного или простого времени, чтобы показать, что действия происходят в момент речи или происходят регулярно.

Steve: Hello?

Henry: Hi, Steve. This is Henry.

Steve: Oh, hi, Henry. What’s up?

Henry: Not much. What (happen) over there?

Steve: Well, let’s see… Peter (wash) his clothes, and, from the noise that I hear upstairs, I know that Jim and Dave (vacuum) their room. They usually (vacuum) it in the evening. I can hear Ann downstairs. She (listen) to music and (sing).

Henry: How about Sam and Mike? What (they/ do)?

Steve: Oh, I think they (play) cards.

Henry: They always (play) cards when I call you… OK. Well, I’m kind of bored here, so maybe I’ll see you later.

Steve: OK. See you.

Henry: Bye.


  1. Прочитайте информацию о Мери и выполните задания после таблицы.

Mary is a very organized person. She has a lot of things to do about the house. Each day she does a different thing. This is her timetable:

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Relax

Wash the clothes

Iron the clothes

Clean the house: vacuum the carpets, mop the floors, dust the furniture (with children)

Do the shopping

Cook food for the weekend

Clean the yard (with Ron)

а) Заполните пропуски информацией из таблицы. Обращайте внимание на действия, которые происходят регулярно, и действия, которые происходят в данный момент.

  1. Every Monday Mary washes the clothes.

  2. Today is Monday. Mary is washing the clothes.

  3. Every Tuesday Mary _________________________.

  4. Today is Tuesday. Mary _______________________.

  5. Every Wednesday Mary and her children_________________________.

  6. Today is Wednesday. Mary and her children _______________________.

  7. Every Thursday Mary _________________________.

  8. Today is Thursday. Mary _______________________.

  9. Every Friday Mary _________________________.

  10. Today is Friday. Mary _______________________.

  11. Every Saturday Mary and Ron_________________________.

  12. Today is Saturday. Mary and Ron _______________________.

  13. Every Sunday Mary _________________________.

  14. Today is Sunday. Mary _______________________.


б) Задайте своему другу вопросы о том, что Мери делает каждый день и что она делает сейчас. Поменяйтесь ролями и ответьте на вопросы, которые подготовил ваш друг. Предварительно запишите вопросы в таблицу.

Вопросительное слово

Вспомогательный глагол

Подлежащее

Смысловой глагол

Оставшаяся часть вопроса

What

does

Mary

do

On Sunday?

--

Do

Mary and Ron

clean

the yard on Monday?

--

Are

they

cleaning

the yard today?

What

is

Mary

doing

today?

















ОБРАЗЕЦ: Does Mary clean the yard on Monday? – No, she doesn’t. She cleans the yard on o Saturday.

It is Saturday. What is Mary doing today? Is she cleaning the yard? – Yes, she is. She is cleaning the yard today.

Home assignments

  1. Просмотрите еще раз материалы Урока 8 и выпишите английские эквиваленты следующих слов и выражений. Подготовьтесь к ЛД.

  1. Студенты первого курса; 2) слушать лекции; 3) семинар; 4) лабораторное занятие; 5) библиотека; 6) анатомичка; 7) готовиться к занятиям; 8) протирать пыль; 9) мыть окна; 10) пылесосить; 11) поливать цветы; 12) подметать полы; 13) жить в общежитии; 14) жаловаться; 15) отдыхать

Выпишите эквиваленты следующих предложений:

  1. Я устал от них (твоих вопросов)!

  2. Что там происходит?

  3. Как дела?

  4. Я очень расстроен.

  5. Я с ума схожу от этого шума!

  6. Давай-ка посмотрим…

  7. Мне тут немного скучно, поэтому я, наверно, зайду к тебе позже.

  1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в форму настоящего длительного времени. Задайте общие вопросы к полученным предложениям.

ОБРАЗЕЦ: The alarm clock (to ring). – The alarm clock is ringing. – Is the alarm clock ringing?

  1. Sue (to clean) the yard.

  2. Mary and her sister (to throw out) the garbage.

  3. My brother (to listen) to music.

  4. The students (to wash) the windows.

  5. Ted and Mary (to watch) football.

  6. Sally and Ann (to cook) dinner.

  7. Some students (to water) the flowers.

  8. Ron and Mary (to dust) the furniture.

  9. I (to practice) my English.

  10. During the break the students of my group (to have) lunch.

  11. Jack (to read) for the Anatomy class.

  12. Now I (to do) the shopping.

  13. Students of Group 201 (to relax).




  1. Раскройте скобки. Задайте альтернативные вопросы к полученным предложениям.

ОБРАЗЕЦ: Kate (read) for the exam in Anatomy/Chemistry –

Kate is reading for the exam in Anatomy. – Is Kate reading for the exam in Anatomy or Chemistry?

  1. Jackie and Sally (to iron) their dresses/their T-shirts.

  2. Sue and Ann (to listen) to jazz/rock.

  3. We (to read) for our tomorrow’s class/test.

  4. Sally (to clean) the yard/the flat.

  5. Nina (to wash) the plates/cups.

  6. Lisa (to watch) a volleyball game/a basketball game.

  7. Ted (to practice) his French/Spanish.

  8. Students of our group (to wash) the windows/the walls in the hall.

  9. Steve (to go) to the Anatomy lab/library.

  10. Jane and Fred (to talk) about the dormitory/studies.

  11. The children (to play) in the yard/at home.




  1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в необходимую по смыслу грамматическую форму (настоящее простое / настоящее длительное).

  1. My sister (cook) dinner today. – That’s strange! She never (cook) dinner.

  2. The children usually (clean) their bedroom, but today they (clean) the yard.

  3. Mr. and Mr. Wilson rarely (dance) at parties. But today they (dance) and (sing).

  4. His wife never (watch) football matches. But today she (watch) the Cup Final!

  5. We (wash) the windows every spring. Today is a warm spring day. We (wash) the windows/

  6. I (practice) my Spanish every summer when I (go) to Spain.

  7. We (go) to the Anatomy lab every Friday. It’s Friday today, so we (go) to the library.

  8. Who is making that noise? – The students on the upper floor (have) a party.

  9. I always (iron) my bed linen (постельное белье).

  10. Kelly is busy. She (read) for tomorrow’s test.


Unit 9. The Medical Student’s Life.

Grammar Focus:

  1. Настоящее простое время vs. Прошедшее простое время.

Vocabulary focus:

Лексика по темам «Повседневная деятельность студента медицинского вуза».



Communication: Построение диалога-расспроса об образе жизни, распорядке дня, повседневных дела студента медицинского вуза.

Class assignments

  1. Прочитайте отрывок из блога студента-медика, в котором он описывает свой обычный день. Выполните задания после текста.

A Typical Day in Medical School

Tom Mallory, a first-year medical student, wrote in his blog:

7:00 AM – My alarm clock rings. I quickly turn it off. 5 minutes later my second alarm goes off. I get up and go to the bathroom. I brush my teeth. Then I go to the kitchen and eat breakfast. After breakfast I pack all my notes, my textbooks and my laptop into the backpack.

7:45 AM – I walk to school.

8:00 AM – The first lecture of the day begins and usually the classroom is only 70% full.

8:30 AM –At this time I either increase my concentration and focus on the lecture or… begin checking my e-mail.

8:45 AM - The daily messages begin to flood my inbox: faculty e-mails, student announcements and people looking for rent or selling their old textbooks. Sometimes there are personal e-mails from friends and family.

9:00 AM - Break time. I get up, stretch, and go to the washroom.

10:00 AM – Students fill the hallway to the anatomy lab. The smell of formaldehyde is one that you don’t forget easily. Time always passes by quickly in the lab as we dissect our cadavers.

12:00 PM - Lunch hour. I hang out with friends, make necessary phone calls and catch up on some studying.

1:00 PM - On alternating days, we either have small group learning or clinical skills teaching. If it is a small group session, ten or so medical students along with the instructor begin discussing the case prepared for that week.

3:00 PM – If it is a clinical teaching day, we practice our history taking and physical examination skills, learn about different diseases. Clinical teaching is the most enjoyable time for me.

5:00 PM - My day at school officially ends, but the real work begins.

5:30 PM - I usually go to the gym for a quick workout or relax a bit.

6:00 PM – I study for an hour.

7:00 PM – I cook dinner. I often eat it either in the company of friends or school notes. I also like to cook my meals in bigger portions and pack the leftovers for lunch.

8:00PM – 10:00PM – I study again. There’s an awful lot of stuff to learn in medicine.

10:00 PM – I spend this time on messages, Facebook and answering e-mail. Taking a shower is nice, too.

11:00 PM2:00 AM. I usually study most productively at this time. I like to study and work until I feel tired and go to bed. As you can see, medicine is not a 9-5 job, especially as a student when there is so much to learn.


  1. Ответьте на вопросы о типичном дне Тома и своем рабочем дне.

Questions about Tom’s day

Questions about YOUR day

  1. What time does Tom wake up? Does he get up right away?

What time do you get up? Do you get up right away?

  1. Does he eat breakfast?

Do you eat breakfast?

  1. What does he pack into his backpack?

What do you pack into your backpack (or bag)?

  1. When does his first lecture begin?

When does your first lecture begin?

  1. Do all the students come in time for the lecture?

Do all the students of your group come in time for the lecture (the first class)?

  1. How long does the lecture last?

How long do your lectures last?

  1. What does Tom do in the Anatomy lab? Does Tom like lab classes?

What do you do in the Anatomy lab? Do you like lab classes?

  1. Does Tom have lunch at midday? Does he only eat at that time?

What time do you have lunch? Do you only eat at that time?

  1. What is the most enjoyable time for Tom?

What is the most enjoyable time for you?

  1. Does he only do his homework for an hour?

Do you only do your homework for an hour?

  1. Does he often meet friends? If not, what does he do instead?

Do you often meet friends? If not, what do you do instead?




  1. Сравните обычный день Тома и свой день. (Обратите внимание на формы глаголов!)

Образец: Tom wakes up at 7 o’clock and I wake up at 7.30.

1. Tom brushes his teeth and eats breakfast. I …

2. Tom walks to school. I …

3. Tom’s first lecture starts at 8 o’clock. ...

4. Tom’s lectures last 1 hour. ...

5. Tom sometimes checks his e-mail during the lecture. ...

6. During the lunch break, Tom has lunch and hangs out with friends. ...

7. Tom dissects cadavers in the anatomy lab. …

8. Every night, Tom studies a lot. ...

9. Tom sometimes eats dinners and studies at the same time. ...

10. Tom goes to bed late at night. ...


  1. Прочитайте текст A Typical Day in Medical School еще раз. Выпишите из него все глаголы, разделив их на две группы – правильные и неправильные. Для неправильных глаголов запишите три формы, которые необходимо выучить! Для правильных глаголов – произношение окончания –ed, изменения в написании основы слова (удвоения конечной согласной, изменение y на i).

Образец:

Правильные глаголы

Неправильные глаголы

Turn – turned [d]

Write (wrote, written)




  1. Предложения в упражнении 3 описывают регулярные, повторяющиеся действия. Измените предложения так, чтобы выразить действие в прошлом.

ОБРАЗЕЦ: Tom wakes up at 7 o’clock.Yesterday Tom woke up at 7 o’clock.


  1. Перепишите текст, начиная со второго абзаца в прошедшем времени.

I am Sally. I am a nurse at the in-patient department of a children’s hospital.

My working day starts at 6.30 a.m. I get up and brush my teeth. I have a quick breakfast. I usually have a piece of toast with jam and butter and a cup of coffee and some biscuits. At half past seven I catch a bus and I get to work at 8.00. I start seeing patients at 9.00 and finish at 12.00. Then I have a short coffee break. After the break I do some paper work. From 1.00 to 3.30 I see up to 7 patients during home visits. I arrive home at about 4.00. I eat my dinner at home. Then I have some rest with a book and surf the Internet. I check my e-mail and do some social networking. Today is Thursday, so at 6.00 I go to the swimming pool just across the road. I usually go to sleep early – at about 10.00 p.m.



  1. Дайте полные ответы на вопросы, используя текст в вашей рабочей тетради о вчерашнем дне Сэллли (из упр. 6).

ОБРАЗЕЦ: Did Sally’s working day start at 8.00 am yesterday? – No, it didn’t. Her working day started at 6.30 am.

  1. Did she brush her teeth?

  2. Did she eat an omelet for breakfast?

  3. Did she catch a taxi?

  4. Did she get to work at 7.00?

  5. Did she see patients for four hours?

  6. Did she have a coffee break at 11.00?

  7. Did she do paper work before the coffee break?

  8. Did she visit her patients for 3 hours?

  9. Did she arrive home at 4.30?

  10. Did she have dinner at a café?

  11. Did she listen to music after dinner?

  12. Did she go to the gym that Thursday?

  13. Did she go to bed late?




  1. Задайте своему другу вопросы о том, что он делал вчера (позавчера, несколько дней назад, на прошлой неделе…). Предварительно запишите вопросы в таблицу. Образец:

Вопросительное слово

Вспомогательный глагол

Подлежащее

Смысловой глагол

Оставшаяся часть вопроса

What time

did

you

wake up

yesterday?

---

Did

you

have

breakfast yesterday?

Обобщите ответы и расскажите о вчерашнем дне своего друга.
Home assignments

  1. Просмотрите еще раз материалы Урока 9 и выпишите английские эквиваленты следующих слов и выражений:

  1. Будильник; 2) складывать учебники и ноутбук в рюкзак; 3) увеличить концентрацию; 4) сконцентрироваться на лекции; 5) перемена; 6) препарировать трупы в анатомичке; 7) болтать с друзьями; 8) повторить, подучить что-то; 9) «мигающие» дни; 10) обучение в малых группах; 11) обучение клиническим навыкам; 12) обсуждать историю болезни; 13) практиковаться в сборе анамнеза; 14) практиковаться в физическом осмотре больного; 15) болезнь, заболевание; 16) стационар детской больницы; 17) чистить зубы; 18) поймать такси; 19) заниматься бумажной работой; 20) приехать домой; 21) пойти в спортзал (бассейн); 22) лечь спать; 23) навещать пациентов дома.




  1. Измените предложения по образцу.

ОБРАЗЕЦ: On Monday Jim’s alarm clock rings at 7o’clock. (Last Monday …8) – Last Monday Jim’s alarm clock didn’t ring at 7o’clock. It rang at 8.


  1. On Tuesday Jim has no time to eat breakfast. (Last Tuesday …dinner)

  2. On Wednesday Jim’s first lecture begins at 9 o’clock. (Last Wednesday …11)

  3. On Thursday Jim gets many e-mails from his friends. (Last Thursday …grandmother)

  4. On Friday he goes to the Anatomy lab. (Last Friday …gym)

  5. On Saturday he studies a lot. (Last Saturday …a little)

  6. On Sunday he meets his friends. (Last Sunday …relatives)

  7. On Wednesday she hangs out with friends. (Last Wednesday …boyfriend)

  8. On Thursday she cooks dinner. (Last Thursday …lunch)

  9. On Saturday she reads for clinical teaching. (Last Saturday …Microbiology class)

  10. On Friday she practices history-taking. (Last Friday …communicating with patients)


ОБРАЗЕЦ: Do Mary and Jack do much homework on Monday? (last weekend, what) – Did Mary and Jack do much homework last weekend? – What did they do last weekend?


  1. Do Mary and Jack prepare for physical examination skills on Monday? (last Monday, when)

  2. Do they learn about different diseases on Tuesday? (last Tuesday, what …about)

  3. Do they have clinical teaching on Wednesday? (last Wednesday, what)

  4. Do they answer e-mails on Thursday? (last Thursday, when)

  5. Do they spend much time answering e-mails on Friday? (last Friday, when)

  6. Do they go to bed late on Saturday? (last Saturday, when)

  7. Do they go to the gym on Sunday? (last Sunday, where)




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