Методические указания по выполнению практических работ по дисциплине Английский язык



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Тест №2. Must / Have to / Be to

Choose a correct variant:

1.Listen, you must _____ your parents about it immediately.

Tellto tell

2.No, I ______ do it tomorrow.

mustn’tdon’t must

3.She must ______ it.

Remembersrememberto remember

4.______ study English every day?

Do me mustMust we

5.I ______ get up early every morning.

haven't to don’t have to

6.She ______ look after her little sister.

Has tohave tohaves to

7.Who ______ there first?

musts gomust goesmust gomust to go

8.______ finish this work today?

Have we toDo we have to

9.They mustn’t say such things, ______ ?

must theydo they

10.People mustn’t ______ lessons of history.

Forgetto forget

11.The children ______ go to bed in time.

is toare to

12.Peter and Mike ______ work overtime this month.

have tohas to

13.She ______ never let them hurt her feelings.

mustn’tmust

13.I ______ see my doctor tomorrow.

will must will must tomust

14.He said that they ______ come at once.

Mustedmust

15.It ______ be late. Let’s go home.

have tomustis to musts

16.The workers have to stay here all day long, ______?

haven't theydon’t they

17.Must I come here on weekends? – Yes, ______.

you doyou must

18.He ______ see me in this situation.

doesn’t mustmustn’t

19.You ______ me with the task.

must to helpmust help

Тест №3. Модальныеглаголы May и Might

Choose a correct variant:

1.He ______ to see us tomorrow.

mays comemay comesmay to comemay come

2.They ______ finish the work by Thursday.

don’t maydon’t may tomay notmay not to

3.May I speak to you, sir? – Yes, ______.

you doyou may

4.Henry said, that he ______ be late.

Mightmaywould may

5.This ______ happen to us anytime.

will maymay

6.I don’t think it ______ rain tomorrow.

Mightwill might

7.My father ______ promotion next month.

mights getmight getsmight get

8.“Come what ______”, he said and slammed the door.

Mightmay

9.The poor man ______ recover so soon.

doesn’t maymays notmay not

10.Are you going to join us? - ______ .

Maybemay be

11.I think the children ______ dine with us.

Maymight

12.So, what ______ come out of this?

will maymay

13.You ______ wait here.

Maymight

14.The solution to this problem soon ______ found.

Maybemay be

15.This man ______ more than he says.

mays knowmay knowmay knows

16.______ I say a few words?

MayMight

17.The right time ______ never come.

Mightswill mightmight

18.The next train ______ late.

might bemights be

19.Pupils ______ forget their teachers.

Maymight

20.He forgot that the police ______ discover the truth.

Maymightwouldmay

Отчет о проделанной работе: выполнение тестов.

Контрольные вопросы:

1.Что такое модальные глагола?

2.Какие глаголы самые употребляемые?

Практическая работа № 23.

Тема:Мой любимый вид путешествия.

Цель: употребление и понимание новых слов, употребление лексики в диалогах.

Перечень оборудования для проведения работы: тетрадь, письменные принадлежности, словарь.

Задание: закончитьдиалог.

Agent: Good morning. Distant Dreams Travel.

Billy: Oh, hello. Do you sell airline tickets for New Zealand?

Agent: Yes.

Billy: Right. I’d like four tickets from London Heathrow to New Zealand.

Agent: What’s your exact destination?

Billy: Auckland.

Agent: And when do you want to go?

Billy: I’d like to go on Friday the fifth of next month.

Agent: Return or one-way?

Billy: I’d like return tickets, please. We want to come back one month later.

Agent: OK. I’ll just check on thecomputer. OK, do you want economy or business class?

Billy: Oh, business class is expensive. I prefer economy. How much is that?

Agent:


Billy: The cheaper one. Air New

Zealand, I think. What time does the flight leave London?

Agent:

Billy: Is it a direct flight?

Agent:

Billy: Fine. I’d like four tickets then, please.



Фразыдлявосполнениядиалога:

- What flights to Boston have you got?

- There are two flights a week on Tuesday and on Friday.

- What time? - I want one single tourist class ticket for Tuesday.

- At 11.30 every Tuesday and at 8.30 every Friday.

- How much is the tourist class ticket to Boston? - A single ticket is 50 dollars and a return ticket is 110.



Отчет о проделанной работе: корректирование диалогов.

Практическая работа № 24.

Тема: Культура стран Великобритании и США.

Цель: закрепление знаний по страноведческому материалу.

Перечень оборудования для проведения работы: тетрадь, письменные принадлежности, словарь.

Задание: выполнитетест.

Are you an expert on Great Britain?

1. What is the capital of Great Britain?

a) Edinburgh b) Boston c) London

2. How many parts does Great Britain contain?

a) 4 b) 3 c) 5

3. What is the English flag called?

a) Union Patric b) Union Jack c) Lines and Crosses

4. Who is the symbol of the typical Englishman?

a) John Bull b) John Bell c) St. Patric

5. What is the London underground called?

a) the tube b) the metro c) the subway

6. Who is the Head of State in Britain?

a) the Mayor b) the Queen c) the Prime Minister

7. What is the river in London?

a) Thames b) London c) Avon

8. What is the most expensive part of London?

a) West End b) East End c) the City

9. What colour are the taxis in London?

a) blue b) red c) black

10. If you go to London, you will see …..

a) the White Houseb) St.Paul`s Cathedralc) Greenwich

11.What is the Home of the Queen?

a) Buckingham Palace b) the White House c) Westminster Abbey

12. What city did The Beatles from?

a) London b) Manchester c) Liverpool

13. They say the Loch Ness Monster lives in a lake in ……….

a) Scotland b) Wales c) Ireland

Are you an expert on the USA?

1. What is the capital of the USA?

a) Ottawa b) Washington, D.C. c) New York

2. How many states are there in the USA?

a) 52 b) 50 c) 49

3. What is the American flag called?

a) Union John b) Union Jack c) Stars and Stripes

4. The cartoon symbol of the American government is ……

a) Uncle Ben b) Uncle Mike c) Uncle Sam

5. What is the New York underground called?

a) the metro b) the tube c) the subway

6. When did Christopher Columbus discover America?

a) in 1492 b) in 1592 c) in 1392

7. How often do American people choose a new President?

a) every 5 years b) every 3 years c) every 4 years

8. What is the most expensive part of New York?

a) Long Island b) Manhattan c) Staten Island

9. What colour are the taxis in New York?

a) black b) yellow c) green

10. If you go to New York, you will see ……….

a) Big Ben b) The Capitol c) The Empire State Building

12. What is the home of the President?

a) The Capitol b) The White House c) the House of Representatives

13. What do American people call their police officers?

a) copper b) cops c) bobbies

Отчет о проделанной работе: письменно выполнен тест.

Практическая работа № 25.

Тема: Путешествие по странам изучаемого языка.

Цель: определение уровня усвояемости страноведческого материала.

Перечень оборудования для проведения работы: тетрадь, письменные принадлежности, словарь.

Задание: выполнитетест.

1. Выберитеправильныйответ.

1. What's the name of the most famous clock in Britain?

a) Big Albert b) Big Stephenc) Big Wren d) Big Ben.

2. What is soccer?

a) American football b) hockeyc) squash d) boat-racing.

3. What was J. Constable?

a) a musician b) a politician c) a poet d) a painter.

4. What's the name of Sir Churchill?

a) Winston b) George c) Christopherd) Benjamin.

5. For Christmas dinner the English usually have ... .

a) chicken b) roast beef c) fishd) turkey.

6. Who wrote "Winnie-the-Pooh"?

a) L. Carroll b) O. Wildec) J.R. Tolkien d) A. Milne.

7. What is the most ancient monument in Great Britain?

a) the Lower West Gate b) Stonehenge c) Hadrian's Walld) the Tower Gate.

8. The telephone was invented by ... .

a) Isaac Newton, b) Alexander Bell, c) Michael Faraday, d) James Watt.

9. ElisabethIIlivesin ... .

a) No 10, Downing Street b) the Tower of London c) Buckingham Palaced) Westminster Palace.

10. The traditional English drink is ... .

a) coffee b) tea c) cocoa d) milk.

11. The capital of Canada is ... .

a) Ottawa b) Quebec c) Torontod) Melbourne.

12. The British money is ....

a) franks b) dollars c) crones d) pounds.

13. Margaret Thatcher was ... .

a) Queen of Britain b) British Prime Minister c) leader of the Labour party d) a film star.

14. "Alice in Wonderland" was written by ... .

a) Jane Austen b) Muriel Sparkc) Lewis Carroll d) Iris Murdock.

15. The Tower of London now is ... .

a) a prison b) a royal residencе c) a museum d) a burial place.

16. A double-decker is ... .

a) a train b) a small plane с) a hotel room for two people d) a bus

17. St. Valentine's Day is observed in ... .

a) February b) May c) November d) December.

18. The common name for a toy bear in England is ... .

a) Michael-bear b) Tom-bear c) Teddy-bear d) Jack-bear.

19. R. Kipling wrote ... .

a) "Canterbury Tales" b) "Alice in Wonderland" c) "Treasure Island" d) "Maugly"

20. What is Eisteddfod?

a) a country b) a dish c) a festivald) a dance.


Отчет о проделанной работе: выполнение теста.

Практическая работа № 26.

Тема: Образование в России.



Цель: отработка лексико-грамматических навыков.

Перечень оборудования для проведения работы: тетрадь, письменные принадлежности, словарь.

Задание: прочитайте и переведите текст письменно и составить 10 вопросов к тексту.

Education in Russia

Citizens of Russia have the right for education which is guaranteed by the Constitution. The public educational system in our country incorporates pre-school, general school, specialized secondary and higher education.Pre-school consists of kindergartens and creches. Children there learn reading, writing and arithmetic. But pre-school education isn't compulsory - children can get it at home. Compulsory education is for children from 6(7) to 17 years of age. The main link in the system of education is the general school which prepares the younger generation for life and work in modern production. There are various types of schools: general secondary schools, schools specializing in a certain subject, high schools, lyceums and so on. Tuition in most of them is free of charge, but some new types of schools are fee-paying. The term of study in a general secondary school is 11 years and consists of primary, middle and upper stages. At the middle stage of a secondary school the children learn the basic laws of nature and society at the lessons of history, algebra, literature, physics and many others. After the 9th form pupils have to sit for examinations. Also they have a choice between entering the 10th grade of a general secondary school and enrolling in a specialized secondary or vocational school. Persons who finish the general secondary school, receive a secondary education certificate, giving them the right to enter any higher educational establishment. Entrance examinations are held in July and August. Institutions are headed by rectors; the faculties are headed by the deans. One has to study in the institute for 5 years. Higher educational institutions train students in one or several specializations.



Отчет о проделанной работе: письменный перевод текста и заданы вопросы.

Практическая работа № 27.

Тема: Математические действия.

Цель: введение и закрепление новой лексики.

Перечень оборудования для проведения работы: тетрадь, письменные принадлежности, словарь.

Краткие теоретические положения:

Сегодня ситуация в мире такова, что людям любых специальностей рано или поздно приходится иметь дело с английским языком. Для профессионального общения, для сдачи экзаменов при получении работы и многого другого. В данном разделе рассмотрим общую для многих специальностей науку — математику.

Начнем с самых простых действий, встречающихся в любой формуле:


  • прибавить — plus/add

  • отнять — minus/subtract

  • умножить — multiply (умножитьна 2 — multiply by two)

  • разделить — divide (делитьна 2 — divide by two)

  • равно — is equal to

  • больше — is greater than

  • меньше — is smaller than

  • пропорционально — is proportional to

Дробные числа. На письме целая и дробная части разделяются точкой, которая по-английски называется point. Например, 4.62 — four point sixty two. Если же нужно назвать часть целого числа (например, 2/5 — две пятых), то в этом случае вспоминаем порядковые числительные и говорим two fifth.

Квадратный корень — √ — на английском называется square root или просто root. Корень из 25 будет звучать как square root of 25.

Степень. Два в квадрате — two squared, два в кубе — two cube. Два в любой другой степени, допустим, в степени х — two to the power x. Если же соединить корень и степени в одной формуле и написать, например, корень n-ой степени из x, то получим N-th root of x.

Логарифм и интеграл звучат как logarithm (log) и integral соответственно. Антилогарифм — antilogarithm или antilog.Функция — function. Сумма — ∑ — sum/sumation. Разность — Δ — delta/difference.


Например,

  • логарифмот b — log b — logarithm of b.

  • функция от х — f (x) — function of x

  • интеграл f от x поdх - ʃf(x)dx — integral of the f of x over dx

Верхнийпределлогарифма — upper limit, нижнийпредел — lower limit.

Тригонометрическиефункции:синус — sine, косинус — cosine, тангенс — tangent, котангенс — cotangent, арксинус — arc/inverse sine, гиперболическийсинус — hyperbolic sine.



С этими функциями тоже употребляется предлог of, если после них вы употребляете какое-либо число. Например, косинусх — cos x — cosine of x, арксинусх — arcsin x- inverse sine of x.

Математические действия (Numbers for Maths)

  • Сложение (Addition)

1 + 2 = 3
One and two is seven.One plus two equals eight.

  • Вычитание (Subtraction):

7 – 6 = 1
Seven minus six is one.Seven subtract six equals fourteen.

  • Multiplication (Умножение):

5 x 6 = 30
Five times six equals twenty-one.Five multiplied by six is twelve.

  • Division (Деление):

9 ÷ 3 = 3
Nine divided by three equals three.Three goes into nine three times.

  • Другиесимволыиихчтение (Othersymbols)

<

less than

меньше

5<6

Five is less than 6

>

greater than

больше

7>5

Seven is greater than 5

¼

fractions

дробь

¼



one fourth

one and one fourth

%

percent

процент

2%

2.5%

two per cent

two per cent point five

°

degrees

градусы

90°

ninety degrees

1.666

decimals

десятичная

дробь

1.666

0.25

one point six six six

nought point two five

Задание: выполните упражнения.

Упражнение № 1. Запишите примеры по-английски.

11 x 2

6 X 8

7 X 6

4 X 9

6 X 4

7 X 7

81 : 9

12 x3

Упражнение № 2. Дайте письменный вариант следующих числительных:

a) 30 ; 13 ; 200 ; 21st; 13th ; 3.67 ; 2/3 ;


b) 5/8 ; 1/4; 2 3/7 ; 1/3 tons ; 2 1/2pounds ; 1/2km

Упражнение 3. Запишите даты по образцу :

16.6.99. – June the sixteenth nineteen ninety-nine .

3.5.72. ; 12.7.89. ; 5.4.91. ; 17.11.97. ; 1.2.80. ; 5.12.00. ; 7.4.01. .

Отчет о проделанной работе: выполнены письменно упражнения.

Практическая работа № 28.

Тема: Условные предложения.

Цель: совершенствование и активизация грамматических навыков по теме.

Перечень оборудования для проведения работы: тетрадь, письменные принадлежности, словарь.

Краткие теоретические положения:

Conditional sentences. Условные предложения - сложноподчинённые предложения, где в придаточной части указывается условие, а в главной - следствие.
Условные предложения делятся на три типа в зависимости от вероятности описываемых в них действий.

Тип 1. Реальныесобытия. If + PresentSimple , FutureSimple

Тип 2. Практическинереальныесобытия. If + Subjunctive I (Past Subjunctive), Subjunctive II (would + I)

Тип 3. Нереальныесобытия, If + Subjunctive I (Past Perfect Subjunctive), Subjunctive II (would have + III).

Задание: выполните упражнения.

Упражнение № 1.Раскрывая скобки, напишите каждое предложение три раза, образуя условные предложения I, II и III типов.

E.g. If you (to be) free, I (to come) to see you.

If you are free, I shall come to see you. If you were free, I should come to sec you. If you had been free, I should have come , to see you. If I (to see) her, I (to be) glad.

If I see her, I shall be glad.

If I saw her, I should be glad.

If I had seen her, I should have been glad.

1. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone. 2. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyakov Gallery every year. 3. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the Philharmonic. 4. If I (to live) near a wood, I (to gather) a lot of mushrooms. 5. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) TV together. 6. If she (to know) English, she (to try) to enter the university. 7. If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) very glad. 8. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea parly. 9. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry). 10. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) at the examination.

Упражнение № 2. Составьте предложения, найдя соответствия между левой и правой колонками.


1. If I go on a diet

a. we'll make a snowman

2. If it's sunny tomorrow

b. I'll buy you some chocolate

3. If John doesn't hurry

c. she'll have to take a taxi

4. If it snows

d. I'll lose weight

5. If there sre no buses

e. he'll be late

6. If you are a good girl

f. we'll go for a picnic

Упражнение № 3.Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужное время.

John Smith is in prison. How did it happen? If John (not / to oversleep), he (not / to be) late for work. If he (not / to be) late for work, his boss (not / to fire) him. If John (not / to lose) his job, he (not / to need) money and he (not / to rob) the bank. If he (not / to rob) the bank, the police (not / to arrest) him.



Отчет о проделанной работе: выполнены письменно упражнения.

Практическая работа № 29.

Тема: Геометрические понятия.

Цель: правильное употребление геометрических понятий в профессиональной деятельности.

Перечень оборудования для проведения работы: тетрадь, письменные принадлежности, словарь.

Задание: переведите письменно текст и выполните задания к тексту.

Geometric Solids

We have been studying plane figures which have only two dimensions; length and width. Now we will study figures with three dimensions. Figures that have three dimensions are called geometric solids or solid figures. The three dimensions are length, width and thickness or height.

PRISMS.A prism is a solid, each side of which is a polygon, and the upper base of which is parallel and congruent (exactly the same in size and shape) to the lower base; corresponding vertexes of the top and bottom polygons are joined by parallel edges. In a right prism the lateral faces (sides) are perpendicular to the bases.

Right prisms include; the rectangular prism and the cube. A geometric figure which has six sides, all of which are rectangles, is called a rectangular prism. If the dimensions (length, width and height) of a rectangular solid are equal, the solid is called a cube. The faces of a cube are squares.

THE RIGHT CIRCULAR CYLINDER.A cylinder is a circular prism, the bases of which are equal circles that are parallel to each other. If the sides of the cylinder are perpendicular to the bases, the cylinder is called a right cylinder. The axis of a right circular cylinder is the line between the centres of the bases.

A PYRAMID. It is a solid figure formed by a polygon called the base and sizes of triangles meeting at a common point called the vertex.

A CONE is much like a pyramid but has a circle for a base.

Answer the following questions:


  1. What geometric figures have three dimensions?

  2. What are the dimensions of solid figures?

  3. What geometric solids do you know?

  4. What cylinder is called a right cylinder?

  5. What is a pyramid?

Найдите соответствующие эквиваленты :

1. solids

a) пересечение

2. length

b) вершина угла

3. cone

c) форма

4. sphere

d) пунктирные линии

5. polygon

e) тела

6. edge

f) длина

7. base

g) шар

8. vertex of an angle

h) основание

9. to be equal to

i) быть равным

10. shape

j) грань

11. doted lines

k) многоугольник

12. crossing

l) конус


Отчет о проделанной работе: письменный перевод текста и выполнены задания.




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