Контрольная работа №3 английский язык методические указания и контрольные задания для студентов заочной формы обучения по специальности



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ТипКонтрольная работа
Министерство образования Республики Коми

Государственное профессиональное образовательное учреждение

«Сосногорский технологический техникум»

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

методические указания и контрольные задания

для студентов заочной формы обучения по специальности

Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта

г. Сосногорск, 2014 год
Котельва А.В.

Английский язык (текст): Задания на контрольную работу № 3 с методическими указаниями для студентов заочной формы обучения/А.В. Котельва.- Сосногорск: ГПОУ «СТТ», 2014.


Методические указания предназначены для студентов заочной формы обучения по специальности Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта.

Выполнение данных заданий поможет студентам систематизировать полученные знания.

Контрольная работа основывается на материале, не выходящем за рамки программных требований.
Содержание указаний соответствует учебной программе.

ГПОУ «Сосногорский технологический техникум», 2014

169501, Республика Коми, г. Сосногорск, ул. Куратова, д.4
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ


1

Введение

4

2

Методические указания

6

3

Выполнение и оформление контрольных заданий

7

4

Контрольное задание № 3

9




Библиографический список

29




Приложение 1 (оформление титульного листа)

30


1 ВВЕДЕНИЕ
В настоящее время наблюдается ускорение темпов развития общества, расширяются возможности политического и социального выбора. В свете этих изменений возрастает роль иностранного языка как средства межкультурного и профессионального взаимодействия представителей разных народов. Что обуславливает необходимость и актуальность формирования иноязычной профессионально-ориентированной компетенции будущих специалистов.
Область применения программы

Программа учебной дисциплины является частью образовательной программы среднего профессионального образования по подготовке специалистов среднего звена по специальности Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта (базовая подготовка).


Место дисциплины в структуре основной профессиональной образовательной программы: учебная дисциплина относится к общему гуманитарному и социально-экономическому циклу основной профессиональной программы.
Цели и задачи дисциплины – требования к результатам освоения дисциплины:
В результате освоения дисциплины студент должен

уметь:

  • общаться устно и письменно на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;

  • переводить (со словарем) иностранные тексты профессиональной направленности;

  • самостоятельно совершенствовать устную и письменную речь и пополнять словарный запас.


знать:

  • лексический (1200-1400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности.

Учебная дисциплина ОГСЭ.03 Иностранный язык (английский) способствует формированию общих компетенций:



Код

Наименование результата обучения

ОК 1.

Понимать сущность и социальную значимость своей будущей профессии, проявлять к ней устойчивый интерес.

ОК.2

Организовывать собственную деятельность, выбирать типовые методы и способы выполнения профессиональных задач, оценивать их эффективность и качество.

ОК.3

Принимать решения в стандартных и нестандартных ситуациях и нести за них ответственность.

ОК 4.

Осуществлять поиск и использование информации, необходимой для эффективного выполнения профессиональных задач, профессионального и личностного развития.

ОК.5

Использовать информационно-коммуникационные технологии в профессиональной деятельности.

ОК 6.

Работать в коллективе и команде, эффективно общаться с коллегами, руководством, потребителями.

ОК 7.

Брать на себя ответственность за работу членов команды (подчиненных), результат выполнения заданий.

ОК.8

Самостоятельно определять задачи профессионального и личностного развития, заниматься самообразованием, осознанно планировать повышение квалификации.

ОК.9

Ориентироваться в условиях частой смены технологий в профессиональной деятельности.

ОК.10

Исполнять воинскую обязанность, в том числе с применением полученных профессиональных знаний (для юношей).


2 МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ
Контрольная работа № 3 (3 курс)
Чтобы правильно выполнить контрольное задание № 3, необходимо усвоить

следующие разделы курса английского языка:


1.Повелительное наклонение.

2. Придаточные предложения.

3. Неправильные глаголы.

4. Сложное дополнение, сложное подлежащее.

5. Порядок слов в предложении.

3 ВЫПОЛНЕНИЕ И ОФОРМЛЕНИЕ КОНТРОЛЬНЫХ ЗАДАНИЙ
Условием допуска к зачету является выполнение контрольных работ: к/р № 1 – второй семестр, к/р № 2 – четвертый семестр, к/р № 3 – шестой семестр, к/р № 4 – восьмой семестр.

Цель контрольных заданий – оказать помощь студенту в его самостоятельной работе, а также проверить степень усвоения им учебного материала, начитанного за данный семестр.

Контрольное задание в данном пособии предлагается в десяти вариантах. Студент должен выполнить один из десяти вариантов контрольного задания. Номер варианта выбирается по первой букве фамилии студента по таблице:


Буква

Номера вариантов

А, Л ,Х

1

Б, М, Ц

2

В, Н, Ч

3

Г, О, У

4

Д, П, Ш

5

Е, Р, Щ

6

Ж, С,Э

7

З, Т,Ю

8

И, У, Я

9

К, Ф

10

Оформление титульного листа (приложение 1).

Контрольная работа должна быть написана четким, понятным почерком, без исправлений. На страницах работы следует оставить поля (3 см) для пометок и замечаний проверяющего преподавателя.


Левая страница

Правая страница

Поля: Английский текст

Русский текст: Поля

Студенту следует первый лист оставить чистым для написания замечаний преподавателя.

При выполнении работы следует сначала указывать задания контрольной работы, а затем само выполнение задания.

Выполнение контрольного задания студент должен представить преподавателю для проверки за две недели до лабораторно-экзаменационной сессии.

Досрочное выполнение работ разрешается, однако во избежание повторения возможных ошибок, студент должен выполнять и предоставлять на проверку только одну контрольную работу.

Дается общая оценка «зачтена» или «не зачтена».Если работа не зачтена, в нее необходимо внести соответствующие исправления с учетом сделанных замечаний. Повторная проверка работы осуществляется, как правило, тем же преподавателем, который рецензировал ее в первый раз. Студенты, не выполнившие контрольную работу или не получившие зачета по ней, к зачетам не допускаются.



КОНТРОЛЬНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 3
Вариант 1

1. Поставьте выделенный глагол в правильную форму повелительного наклонения.


1.Сделайте мне одолжение, откройте окно.  To do me a favor,  to open the window. 

2. Говорите медленнее, пожалуйста. To speak more slowly, please.

3.Да просыпайся же ты, не будь таким ленивым! To wake up, not to be so lazy. 

4.Не разрешайте ему курить здесь. Not to let him to smoke here. 


2. Соедините начало и конец предложения.
1. The teacher asked me… 1. because I downloads my essay from the internet

2. My teacher was annoyed with me… 2. my sister drove more carefully

3. Alter her car accident… 3. I can say that it’s a great place for a holiday.

4. Having lived here for three years… 4. Why I hadn’t done my homework.


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

…. – began – …..         break – …..  ….          ….. – brought – brought
4. Закончите предложения, употребляя сложное дополнение.

1. The teacher said to the pupils: "Learn the rule." — The teacher wanted ...

2. "Be careful, or else you will spill the milk," said my mother to me. — My mother did not want ...

3. "My daughter will go to a ballet school," said the woman. — The woman wanted ...

4. The man said: "My son will study mathematics." — The man wanted ...

5. Составьте предложения.

1. Help / my friends / I / with their homework

2. make / people / laugh / when they are sad/ I

3. talk / to my friends / on the phone / I

4. do sports / I / at the weekends / not / do

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.
Education in Russia
The Russian children usually start to go to school when they are seven years old. First the children learn at the elementary school. They visit the elementary school for four years. The children get there the elementary education. It means they learn to count, to read and to write. In the most schools the children also learn a foreign language beginning from the second form.

The fifth form means the beginning of the secondary education. The children learn different subjects, for example Biology, Literature, Chemistry, Physics, Informatics. In Russia the nine-year basic incomplete secondary education is compulsory. After that the children have to decide what they will do from now forth. On the one hand, they can continue their schooling and get the complete eleven-year secondary education. On the other hand, they can enter a college giving them the complete secondary education and trade training. After graduating from college the young people became financially independent and can start to work.

Currently there are different types of schools in Russia. The children and their parents can choose a regular school, a school with advanced study of some subject, a private school. Private schools in Russia are always fee-paying.

After graduating from school or college our young people can enter universities or institutes, where they get higher education.


Вариант 2

1. Поставьте выделенный глагол в правильную форму повелительного наклонения.


  1. Никогда не забывай о своих друзьях. Never to forget about your friends.

  2. Не говори мне, что мне делать. Not to tell me what to do. 

  3. Всегда будь готов взять свои слова обратно. Always to be ready to take your words back. 

  4. Давайте не будем спорить об этом. To let not to argue about it.


2. Соедините начало и конец предложения.
1. The students usually run for the door… 1. even though he was addicted to cigarettes.

2. It I get promoted at work… 2. as soon as the bell rings.

3. My uncle advised his sons against smoking.. 3. I think I’ll buy a new car.

4. The small village where I was born.. 4. is now a busy market town.


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

cut  …. – cut                       drink – …. - …..              ….. - drove - driven

4. Закончите предложения, употребляя сложное дополнение.

1. "Oh, father, buy me this toy, please," said the little boy. — The little boy wanted ...

2. "Wait for me after school," said Ann to me. — Ann wanted ...

3. "Fix the shelf in the kitchen," my father said to me. — My father wanted ...

4. "It will be very good if you study English," said my mother to me. — My mother wanted ...

5. Составьте предложения.

1. play / I / a musical instrument / in the evening

2. do / the housework / I / for my parents

3. shy / not / when I meet / new people / I am

4. do / exercise / how / you / do / often / ?

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Education in Russia
Originally Russian education starts from the early age. Children can start going to kindergarten from the age of two, but this is not a compulsory education. It depends on parents’ decision and child’s wish to attend this institution. 

In the Russian Federation the school education is compulsory. Pupils start going to school from the age of seven and till 16.

Mandatory education in Russia is presented by three types of schools: primary, secondary and high.

The primary school teaches its pupils elementary skills, such as reading, writing, counting. Many schools also offer foreign languages or some other special disciplines at this age.

The most important period is the secondary school, which starts from the 4th or 5th grade, depending on school. This is the time when children start learning Biology, Geography, Chemistry, Physics, Computing, and many other new subjects.

At the 9th grade children face a very important period in their life. They have to choose whether to continue school education, or to leave for other types of educational institutions, such as college, specialized schools and else. If the pupil decides to continue studying in high school, which lasts for two years, he can enter the university after school graduation.

Of course, it’s only the general pattern of education in Russia, but there can also be some exceptions nowadays. For example, there are lots of special schools, where they pay attention only to particular subjects. Also, apart from state schools, there are a number of private schools, where education is not free of charge.

When they complete high grades they can either continue to study at school for more 2 years, or go to a professional school where they study not only main subjects, but are able to learn some profession. When school pupils leave school they can try to continue their educaton in institutes or universities.




Вариант 3

1. Поставьте выделенный глагол в правильную форму повелительного наклонения.


  1. Войдите, пожалуйста, и не закрывайте дверь. to come in, please, and not to close the door. 

  2. Обязательно навести своего больного друга в больнице на этой неделеto visit your sick friend in the hospital this week. 

  3. Пожалуйста, дай мне немного денег. Please, to give me some money. 

  4. Пусть они смотрят этот фильм ужасов без меня. To let them to watch this horror film without me.

2. Каждое из этих предложений содержит придаточное. Подчеркните придаточное предложение.


  1. "At a place in the valley not far from here, where the echoes used to gather and the winds came to rest, there is a great stone fortress, and in it lives the Soundkeeper, who rules this land."
    (Norton Juster, The Phantom Tollbooth. Random House, 1961)




  1. "On foggy mornings, Charlotte's web was truly a thing of beauty. This morning each thin strand was decorated with dozens of tiny beads of water. The web glistened in the light and made a pattern of loveliness and mystery, like a delicate veil. Even Lurvy, who wasn't particularly interested in beauty, noticed the web when he came with the pig's breakfast."
    (E.B. White, Charlotte's Web. Harper & Brothers, 1952)




  1. "Following the instructions, which told him to cut here, lift there, and fold back all around, he soon had the tollbooth unpacked and set up on its stand. He fitted the windows in place and attached the roof, which extended out on both sides, and fastened on the coin box."
    (Norton Juster, The Phantom Tollbooth. Random House, 1961) 



  2. "When the first light comes into the sky and the sparrows stir and the cows rattle their chains, when the rooster crows and the stars fade, when early cars whisper along the highway, you look up here and I'll show you something. I will show you my masterpiece."
    (E.B. White, Charlotte's Web. Harper & Brothers, 1952)


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

eat – ….  ….                   ….  … – fallen                   feel – ….  ….
4. Закончите предложения, употребляя сложное дополнение.

1. "Bring me some water from the river, children," said our grandmother. — Our grandmother wanted ...

2. "Come to my birthday party," said Kate to her classmates — Kate wanted ...

3. The biology teacher said to us: "Collect some insects in summer." — The biology teacher wanted ...

4. "Don't eat ice cream before dinner," said our mother to us. Our mother did not want ...

5. Составьте предложения.

1. your / how / best friend / old / is / ?

2. have / many / you / brother and sisters / how / got / ?

3. home work / last night / how / you / did / much / do / ?

4. you / the / often / do / cinema / go / to / how / ?

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.
Education System in Great Britain

If all good people were clever and all clever people were good, the world would be nicer than ever.

I think that education is a key to a good future. And schools are the first step on the education-way. Schools help young people to choose their career, to prepare for their future life, they make pupils clever and well-educated. They give pupils the opportunity to fulfill their talent.

Education in Britain developed by steps. The first step was the introducing of two kinds of school: grammar schools and secondary modern schools. Grammar schools offered a predominantly academic education and in secondary modern schools education was more practical. The second step was the introducing of a new type of school, the comprehensive, a combination of grammar and secondary modern, so that all children could be continually assessed and given appropriate teaching. These school were co-educational and offered both academic and practical subjects. However, they lost the excellence of the old grammar schools. Then after 1979 were introduced the greatest reforms in schooling. They included the introduction of a National Curriculum making certain subjects, most notably science and one modern language, compulsory up to the age of 16. The National Curriculum aims to ensure that all children study essential subjects and have a better all-round education. Pupils' progress in subjects in National Curriculum is measured by written and practical tests. More ambitious pupils continue with very specialized studies in the sixth form. They remain at school for two years more. Pupils sit for exams leaving secondary school and sixth form. They sit for the General Certificate Secondary Education at the end of the 5th -years' course. A-level or AS-levels are taken after two years of study in the sixth form. They are the main standard for entrance to university or other higher education. Some parents prefer to pay for their children to be educated at independent schools. This private sector includes the so-called public schools, some of whose names are known all over the world, for example Eton. It provides exceptionally fine teaching facilities, for example in science, languages, computing and design. Its students are largely from aristocratic and upper-class families. The Government's vision for the education system of the 21st century is that it will neither be divisive nor based on some lowest denominator. Diversity, choice and excellence will be its hallmarks in this century.




Вариант 4

1. Поставьте выделенный глагол в правильную форму повелительного наклонения.


  1. Обязательно купи эту интересную книгу! To buy this interesting book! 

  2. Не оставляйте своих детей дома одних. Not to leave your children at home alone. 

  3. Принесите мне чашечку кофе и стакан воды, пожалуйста . To bring me a cup of coffee and a glass of water, please. 

  4. Будь честен со своей женой и расскажи ей всё. To be honest with your wife and to tell her everything. 


2. Каждое из этих предложений содержит придаточное. Подчеркните придаточное предложение.


  1. "There was a person called Nana who ruled the nursery."
    (Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit, 1922)




  1. "After he had sailed long enough, Harold made land without much trouble."
    (Crockett Johnson, Harold and the Purple Crayon. Harper & Brothers, 1955)




  1. "One evening, when the boy was going to bed, he couldn't find the china dog that always slept with him."
    (Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit, 1922)




  1. "Rain fell on the backs of the sheep as they grazed in the meadow. When the sheep tired of standing in the rain, they walked slowly up the lane and into the fold."
    (E.B. White, Charlotte's Web. Harper & Brothers, 1952)


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

….– forgot – ….      go – … – …                   hide – …  ….
4. Перепишите следующие предложения, употребляя сложное дополнение вместо придаточных дополнительных предложений.


Пример:



I expect that she will send me a letter.

I expect her to send me a letter.


I know that he is a great scientist.

I know him to be a great scientist

1.I know that my friend is a just man. 2. I expect that he will understand your problem and help you to solve it.3. I expected that she would behave quite differently. 4. I did not expect that my brother would forget to send her flowers.


5. Составьте предложения.

1. my best friend / next to me / is sitting

2. not / I / wearing / am / something blue

3. raining / it / not / is

4. standing / is / behind me / My teacher

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.
Education System in Russia

The public educational system in Russia includes pre-schools, general schools, specialised secondary and higher education. So-called pre-schools are kindergartens in fact. Children there learn reading, writing and maths. But pre-school education isn't compulsory - children can get it at home. Compulsory education is for children from 6(7) to 17 years of age. The main branch in the system of education is the general schools which prepare the younger generation for life and work. There are various types of schools: general secondary schools, schools specialising in a certain subject, high schools, gymnasiums and so on. The term of study in a general secondary school is 11 years and consists of primary, middle and upper stages. At the middle stage of a secondary school children learn the basic laws of nature and society at the lessons of history, algebra, literature, physics and many others. After 9th form pupils have to sit for examinations. Also they have a choice between entering the 10th grade of a general secondary school or going to professional school. Pupils who finish the general secondary school, receive a secondary education certificate, giving them the right to enter any higher educational establishment. One has to study in the institute for 5 years. Higher educational institutions train students in one or several specialisations.



Вариант 5

1. Поставьте выделенный глагол в правильную форму повелительного наклонения.


  1. Не позволяйте ей возвращаться домой поздно. Not to let her to return home late.

  2. Выключите свой телефон и положите его на стол. To turn off your phone and to put it on the table. 

  3. Не помогайте моему брату, оставьте его в покое до завтра. Not to help my brother to leave him alone till tomorrow. 

  4. Не будь глупым, наслаждайся своей жизнью! Not to be stupid, to enjoy your life. 

2. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на придаточные предложения.
He asked us what we thought of it.

I don’t know whether (if) he will come.

They laughed at what he said.

I don’t know where you live.


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

hurt-  hurt – ….                 …. – … – known            leave – … – …
4. Перепишите следующие предложения, употребляя сложное дополнение вместо придаточных дополнительных предложений.



Пример:


I expect that she will send me a letter. I know that he is a great scientist. I expect her to send me a letter. I know him to be a great scientist.

1. He knows that my mother is a very kind woman. 2. She expected that her brother would bring her the book. 3.1 know that your uncle is an excellent mathematician. 4. People expect that the 21st century will bring peace on the Earth.


5. Составьте предложения.

1. watching TV / we / not / are

2. with a pencil / not / I am / writing

3. playing / my friends / football / not / are

4. the cinema / I / going / am / to / not


6. Переведите текст на русский язык.
Education System in The USA
The American system of education differs from the systems of other countries. There are free public schools which the majority of American children attend. There are also a number or private schools where a fee is charged. Education is compulsory for every child from the age of 6 up to the age of 16 except in some states, where children must go to school until the age of 17 or 18. Elementary or primary and secondary or high schools are organized on one of two basis: 8 years of primary school and 4 years, or 6 years of primary, 3 years of junior high school and 3 years of senior high school. The junior high school is a sort of halfway between primary school and high school. The high school prepares young people either to work immediately after graduation or for more advanced study in a college or university. An important part of high school life is extra-curricular activities, they include band or school orchestra, sports and other social activities. There is no national system of higher education in the United States. Instead, there are separate institutions ranging from colleges to universities. They may be small or large, private or public, highly selective or open to all.


Вариант 6

1. Поставьте выделенный глагол в правильную форму повелительного наклонения.


  1. Отправьте мне сообщение, но не звоните мне во время совещания. To send a message but not to call me during the meeting. 

  2. Эй ты, отвечай на мой вопрос немедленно! You to answer my question immediately! 

  3. Не смотри на меня так (таким образом)! Not to look at me at me like that! 

  4. Никогда не говори никогда. Never to say never. 

2. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на придаточные предложения.


  1. I’ll ask him to find out where they live.

  2. He told me why he did not come.

  3. Time will show if (whether) he is rig

  4. I know (that) he was wrong


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

… – lost - lost                       meet – … – met                 put –…. – …
4. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя сложное подлежащее.

Пример: We heard that a car stopped outside the door. A car was heard to stop outside the door.

1.People consider the climate there to be very healthful. 2. It was announced that the Chinese dancers were arriving next week. 3. It is expected that the performance will be a success. 4. It is said that the book is popular with both old and young.


5. Составьте предложения.

1. Solar system / the eighth planet / is / Neptune / in our

2. to London / go / I / want to

3. my favourite city / is / Barcelona

4. in Sydney / for a week / we / were

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Environmental Pollution
People have always polluted their surroundings, But until now pollution was not such a serious problem. People lived in uncrowded rural areas and did not have pollution — causing machines. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants into small areas, the problem has become more important. Automobiles and other new inventions make pollution steadily worse. Since the late 1960's people have become alarmed with the danger of pollution.

Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of all living things. But polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. On polluted soil, food can not be grown. In addition environmental pollution spoils the natural beauty of our planet.

Pollution is as complicated as serious problem. Automobiles are polluting the air but they provide transportation for the people. Factories pollute the air and the water but they provide jobs for people and produce necessary goods. Fertilizers and pesticides are important for growing crops but they can ruin

soil.


Thus, people would have to stop using many useful things if they wanted to end pollution immediately. Most people do not want that of course. But pollution can be reduced gradually. Scientists and engineers can find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories. Government can pass the laws that would make enterprises take measures for reducing of pollution. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

Вариант 7

1. Поставьте выделенный глагол в правильную форму повелительного наклонения.


  1. Давайте поиграем в покер сегодня вечером. To let to play poker tonight. 

  2. Слушайте этого молодого человека очень внимательно. To listen to this young man very attentively. 

  3. Будь осторожен, не урони свой ноутбук. To be careful, not to drop your laptop. 

  4. Не позволяйте ей снова опаздывать. Not to let her to be late again. 

2. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на придаточные предложения.


  1. I thought (that) they were joking.

  2. I know that he is in the laboratory.

  3. I think that it is cold in the street.

  4. He told us that he felt ill.


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

… – read – …                 run – ran – …                      see – … – …
4. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя сложное подлежащее.

Пример: We heard that a car stopped outside the door. A car was heard to stop outside the door.

1. It is believed that the poem was written by an unknown soldier. 2. It is supposed that the playwright is working at a new comedy. 3. It is reported that the flood has caused much damage to the crops. 4. It was supposed that the crops would be rich that year.


5. Составьте предложения.

1. 26 years old / is / Caroline

2. him / I / about the accident / told

3. a mask / on Halloween / Kim / wore

4. tomorrow / we / going / are / to the movie

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.
Ecological Problems

Since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his life. For thousands of years people lived in harmony with environment and it seemed to them that natural riches were unlimited. But with the development of civilization man's interference in nature began to increase.

Large cities with thousands of smoky industrial enterprises appear all over the world today. The by-products of their activity pollute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the land we grow grain and vegetables on.

Every year world industry pollutes the atmosphere with about 1000 million tons of dust and other harmful substances. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast forests are cut and burn in fire. Their disappearance upsets the oxygen balance. As a result some rare species of animals, birds, fish and plants disappear forever, a number of rivers and lakes dry up.

The pollution of air and the world's ocean, destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man's careless interaction with nature, a sign of the ecological crises.

The most horrible ecological disaster befell Ukraine and its people after the Chernobyl tragedy in April 1986. About 18 percent of the territory of Byelarus were also polluted with radioactive substances. A great damage has been done to the agriculture, forests and people's health. The consequences of this explosion at the atomic power-station are tragic for the Ukrainian, Byelarussian and other nations.

Environmental protection is of a universal concern. That is why serious measures to create a system of ecological security should be taken.

Some progress has been already made in this direction. As many as 159 countries — members of the UNO — have set up environmental protection agencies. Numerous conferences have

been held by these agencies to discuss problems facing ecologically poor regions including the Aral Sea, the South Urals, Kuzbass, Donbass, Semipalatinsk and Chernobyl. An international environmental research centre has been set up on Lake Baikal. The international organisation Greenpeace is also doing much to preserve the environment.

But these are only the initial steps and they must be carried onward to protect nature, to save life on the planet not only for the sake of the present but also for the future generations.



Вариант 8

1.Поставьте глаголы в скобках в повелительное наклонение, не забудьте про отрицание.

upstairs. (to go), in this lake. (not/to swim), your homework. (to do), football in the yard. (not/to play)



2. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на придаточные предложения.

  1. He has just gone away saying that he will return in an hour.

  2. I saw what he had brought from Leningrad.

  3. When he will arrive is not yet known.

  4. I shall ask him about it when he comes.


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

… – …. – sold                      … – sang – …               speak – …. – ….

4. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя сложное подлежащее. 
Пример: It is believed that the poem was written by Byron. – The poem is believed to have been written by Byron. 

1. It was reported that five ships were missed after the battle. 


2. It appeared that he was losing patience. 
3. It happened that I was present at the opening session. 
4. It turned out that my prediction was correct. 
5. Составьте предложения.

1. a pink dress / Teresa / wearing / was

2. Michael Jackson / is / name / my

3. naughty / very / our dog / is

4. my father / hard / works / very

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.


Political system of Russian Federation


The Russian Federative Republic has been set, up by the Constitution of 1993.
Under the Constitution Russia is a Presidential Republic. The federal government consists of three branches: the legislative, the executive and the judicial. Each of them is checked and balanced by the President.
The legislative power is vested in the Federal Assembly. It consists of two chambers. The Upper Chamber is the Federation Council. The Lower Chamber is the State Duma. Each Chamber is headed by the Chairman. Legislature is initiated in the Lower Chamber. But to become a law a bill must be approved by the Lower and Upper Chambers and signed by the President. The President may veto the bill. The State Duma may override the veto.
The President makes treaties, enforces laws, appoints the Prime Minister to be approved by the State Duma.
The executive power belongs to the Government which is headed by the Prime Minister. The first action of the Prime Minister on appointment is to form the Government.
The judicial branch is represented by the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the Arbitrary Court arid regional courts.
The members of the State Duma are elected by popular vote for a four-year period. The Council of Federation is not elected. It is formed of the heads of the regions.
Today the state Russian banner is three coloured. It has three horizontal stripes: white, blue and red. The white stripe symbolises the earth, the blue one stands for the sky, and the red one signifies liberty. It was the first state symbol that replaced the former symbols in 1991. The hymn of Russia was created by Alexandrov and Mikhalkov. Now the national coat of arms is a two-headed eagle. It is the most ancient symbol of Russia. It originates from the heraldic emblem of the Ruricovitch signifying the succession of the Russian state from the Byzantine Empire.

Вариант 9

1.Поставьте глаголы в скобках в повелительное наклонение, не забудьте про отрицание.

your teeth. (to brush), during the lesson. (not/to talk), the animals in the zoo. (not/to feed), the instructions. (to read).



2. Перепиши предложения выбрав правильное слово

Например: My friend Jack, that / who / whose parents live in Glasgow, invited me to spend Christmas in Scotland.

  1. Here’s the computer program that / whom / whose I told you about.

  2. I don’t believe the story that / who / whom she told us.

  3. Peter comes from Witney, that / who / which is near Oxford.

  4. This is the gun with that / whom / which the murder was committed.


3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

… – broke – ....                     … – built – …              choose– …. – ….
4. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя сложное подлежащее.

Пример: We heard that a car stopped outside the door. A car was heard to stop outside the door.

1. It has been found that this mineral water is very good for the liver. 2. Scientists consider that electricity exists throughout space. 3. It is said that the weather in Europe was exceedingly hot last summer. 4. It was reported that five ships were missing after the battle


5. Составьте предложения.

1. cub / the lion / playing / is / with his

2. Bill Gates / a / famous / person / is

3. Buddhist / Silvia / a / is

4. the stadium / does / go / this bus / to / ?
6. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Political System of Russia


Russia is a democratic federative state based on rule of law and a republican form of government. State power in Russia is exercised by the President, the Federal Assembly, the Government and the courts.

One of the basic principles of constitutional government is the division of powers. In accordance with this principle, power must not be concentrated in the hands of one person or one institution, but must be divided among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of power. The division of powers requires that there be a clear delineation of responsibilities and a system of checks and balances so that each branch of power can offset the others.

The President is at the summit of the system of state power. He ensures that all the state institutions are able to carry out their responsibilities and keeps watching over them to ensure that no institution can encroach on another's prerogatives, attempt to usurp power in the country or take over another's powers.

The president of Russia is the governments chief executive, head of state, and most powerful official. The president is elected by the people to serve a four-year term. The president, with the approval of the lower house of parliament, appoints a prime minister to serve as head of government. The prime minister is the top-ranking official of a Council of Ministers (cabinet). The council carries out the operations of the government.

Each institution of state power is only partially responsible for enforcing the Constitution. Only the President has the responsibility of safeguarding the state system, the state's sovereignty and integrity overall. This is the guarantee that the other state institutions and officials can exercise their powers in a normal constitutional fashion.

The President's place in the state power system is tied to his constitutional prerogatives regarding, above all, the executive branch of power. Legally, the President is distanced from all the branches of power, but he nonetheless remains closer to the executive branch. This closeness is reflected in the specific constitutional powers the President exercises as head of state.

The origins of this constitutional situation lie in the particularities of the way the government is formed in Russia. The Constitution does not link the process of forming a government to the distribution of seats in parliament among the different political parties and fractions. In other words» the party with the majority in parliament could form the government, but the government does not have to be formed according to this principle. Both approaches would be in keeping with the Constitution. But a situation where the governments makeup does not reflect the parliamentary majority can be a source of problems for many aspects of the executive branch's work, especially law-making. Such problems could reduce the effectiveness of the executive branch's work and make it unable to resolve pressing tasks.

In order to overcome such a situation, the Constitution gives the President a number of powers that he can use on, an ongoing basis to influence the government's work. These powers include approving the structure of the federal executive bodies of power, appointing deputy prime ministers and ministers, the right to preside government meetings, exercise control over the lawfulness of the government's action, and direct subordination of the security ministries to the President. The President has the right to dismiss the government or to accept the Prime Ministers resignation, which automatically entails the resignation of the government as a whole.

The President works with two consultative bodies — the Security Council and the State Council. The President chairs these two councils. The system of Presidential power includes the Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoys in the Federal Districts.

Вариант 10

1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в повелительное наклонение, не забудьте про отрицание.

Your brother (to ask), a pencil (not/ to use), up (to hurry), quit (to be).

2. Перепиши предложения выбрав правильное слово.

Например: My friend Jack, that / who / whose parents live in Glasgow, invited me to spend Christmas in Scotland.


  1. Have you received the parcel whom / whose / which we sent you?

  2. Is this the person who / which / whose you asked me about?

  3. That’s the girl that / who / whose brother sits next to me at school.

  4. The meal, that / which / whose wasn’t very tasty, was quite expensive.

 

3. Поставьте недостающие формы неправильных глаголов.

           

Инфинитив                    II форма глагола                             III форма глагола

Пример:      be                                    was/were                                            been

         

… – …. – fought                      … – flew – …               get – …. – ….
4. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя сложное подлежащее. 
Пример: It is believed that the poem was written by Byron. – The poem is believed to have been written by Byron. 

1. People consider the climate there to be very healthful. 


2. It is expected that the performance will be a success. 
3. It is said that the book is popular with both old and young. 
4. It was supposed that the crops would be rich that year. 

5. Составьте предложения.

1. Harry Potter books / I / like / the

2. cheese / like / you / do / ?

3. very fast / the ambulance / driving / is

4. old / my / very / is / car

6. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Political system of Russia


The Russian Federation is a Presidential (or a constitutional) republic. The President is the head of the state and is elected directly by the people. In fact he has much power, he controls all the three branches of power. The President can even dissolve the Duma if he doesn't agree with his suggestions three times running. The President has his administration, but it's not part of the Federal Government. The President is involved in the work of the legislative and executive branches.

The Federal Assembly represents the Legislative branch of power. It's made up of the two houses: the Federation Counsil and the State Duma, which make laws. The Federal Assembly is also calld the Parlamrnt, but it's not its oficial name. Both chambers are headed by chairmen sometimes called speakers. The Duma consists of 450 deputies (one half is elected personally py the population, and the other half consists of the deputies who are appointed by their parties after voting). The members of the Federation Counsil are elected on a different basis. There are two representatives of each subject of the RF (89 subjects). Every law to be adapted must be approved by the State Duma, the Counsil of Federation and signed by the President. The President can veto laws passed by the Federal Assembly, but it can pass laws over the President's veto a two-thirds majority.

The Federal Government represents the executive branch of power. The President appoints its head, the Chainman of the Government, but the Dums must approve his appointment.

The juridical branch of power consists of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and lower Courts. The responsibility of the Constitutional Court is to analyse the new laws to make sure they correspond to the laws of the state. The Constitutional Court has tte right to declare actions of the President, the Federal Assembly and the Federal Government unconstitutional. The Supreme Court is the higest instance for civil and criminal cases.



БИБЛИОГРАФИЧЕСКИЙ СПИСОК


  1. Голубев А.П., Балюк Н.В., Смирнова И.Б. «Английский язык», 4-е издание; М., изд. центр «Академия», - 2011 г.

  2. Ю.Б.Голицынский «Грамматика. Сборник упражнений»; 4-е издание, СПб, «Каро», - 2008

  3. “English Vocabulary in use (pre-intermediate and intermediate)” Cambridge University Press 2006

  4. Murthy R. “Essential Grammar in Use (for elementary students of English)”. Cambridge University Press 2005.

  5. Англо-русский словарь

  6. Русско-английский словарь

  7. Специализированные словари по изучаемой специальности.


ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 1

Образец заполнения титульного листа домашней контрольной работы

Министерство образования Республики Коми

Государственное профессиональное образовательное учреждение

«Сосногорский технологический техникум»


ОТДЕЛЕНИЕ СРЕДНЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

(ЗАОЧНАЯ ФОРМА ОБУЧЕНИЯ)

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № ___

по дисциплине «________________________________________»


Специальность 23.02.03Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта
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Исполнитель:

Студент группы ______________________

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(фамилия, имя, отчество полностью)

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Дата сдачи контрольной работы

«____»________________20__г.
Преподаватель: ______________________

Отметка: ____________________________

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Подпись преподавателя _______________




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